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25 Cards in this Set

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A Windows utility that can be installed in a console window by Microsoft Management Console.

Task Manager

A Windows utility (taskmgr.exe) that lets you view tge applications and processes running on your computer as well as information about process and memory performance, network activity, and user activity.

Kernel Mode

A Windows "privileged" processing mode that has access to hardware components.

Action Center

A one page aggregation of event messages, warnings, and maintenance messages in Windows 7/8.

Event Viewer

Utility made available as an MMC snap-in that enables users to monitor various system events, including network bandwidth usage and CPU utilization.

Safe Mode

Important diagnostic boot mode for Windows that only runs very basic drivers and turns off virtual memory.

Microsoft Management Console (MMC)

A Windows utility to build customized consoles. These consoles can be saved to a file with an .msc file extension.

HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer)

The low-level part of Windows written specifically for each CPU technology.


A Windows utility that uses a flash drive or secure digital (SD) memory card to boost hard drive performance.

Dir Command

Used in the command-line interface to display the entire contents of the current working directory


The portion of the OS that relates to the user and to applications.

UDF (Universal Disk Format)

A file system for optical media used by all DVD discs and some CD-R and CD-RW discs.

System File Checker (SFC)

A Windows utility that verifies and if necessary, refreshes a Windows system file, replacing it with one kept in a cache of current system files.


A database that Windows uses to store hardware and software configuration, user preference, and setup information.

Windows PowerShell

A command-line interface (CLI) that processes objects, called cmdlets, which are pre built programs built on the. NET Framework, rather than processing text in a command-line.


Character used during a search to represent search criteria. For instance, searching for *. doc will return a list of all the files with a .doc extension, regardless of the filename.

Master File Table (MFT)

The database used by the NTFS file system to track the contents if a volume or logical drive.


On a magnetic hard drive, one or more sectors that constitute the smallest unit of space on the drive for storing data ( also referred to as a file allocation unit).

System Restore

A feature in Microsoft Windows that allows the user to revert their computer's state (including system files, installed applications, Windows Registry, and system settings) to that of a previous point in time, which can be used to recover from system malfunctions or other problem.

Shadow Copy

A copy of open made so that the open files are included in a backup.

User mode

In Windows, a mode that provides an interface between an application and the OS, and only has access to hardware resources through the code running in kernal mode.

Component Services (COM+)

A Microsoft Management Console snap-in that can be ysed to register components used by installed applications.

System Configuration

A Windows utility (msconfig.exe) that can identify what processes are launched at startup and can temporarily disable a process from loading.

Md command

Jsed in the command-line interface used to create directories.

User Profile

A collection of files and settings about a user accoibt tgat enables the user's personal data, desktop settings, and other operating parameters to be retained from one session to another.