Analysis Of Linux, Mac OS And Windows

With current technology expanding and evolving every day at an astounding rate, there is plenty of competition in the world today especially when dealing with the operating systems. Some of the many different operating systems out there today are Windows 7, Windows 8, a multitude of Linux distributions, Mac OS, and Android just to name a few. We are only going to be looking at three of the major operating systems (OS) used in today’s market which are Linux (which has many different versions), Mac OS and Windows. Each of these operating have many different key elements, but some of the most noticeable differences are security, process management, memory management, and file management. Without these key elements no operating system would be …show more content…
The Mac OS kernel assigns each of the processes its own address space and control the access to each of the address spaces. Some sharing is still possible within the Mac OS such as with framework and libraries. Windows uses file mapping which allows multiple processes to share memory. Linux uses a different method to share memory; one process must allocate the segment, while each process that desires to access the segment after that must attach to the segment. When finished with the segment, each process must then detach from the segment. At some point during this process, one process must deallocate the segment which is referred to as Malloc.
Finally the memory is then organized into logical or physical memory. Mac OS virtual memory is always on while Linux and Windows are created based on the size needed by the user. Another difference with Mac OS is that it differs from Linux because it does not use a preallocated disk partition for the backing store; the backing store is the part of unused data that is stored on the disk as the memory gets full. Windows moves this same data to a paging file so it can be easily accessed. Memory management is undoubtedly a crucial part of any operating system but process management plays a vital role of as
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This all-in-one utility that was upgrades from the security center and it help to keep track of all of the possible threats to your OS. It warns the user of such errors as antivirus being out of date or turned off is off, and it provides warning for some of the other maintenance duties to include windows updates, backup, and troubleshooting. The built in windows firewall also received a big upgrade, making it easier to user more immersive ever before.
From a security standpoint there were not to many changes from Windows 7 to Windows 8. Windows Defender gets an overhaul and a new Family Safety feature was added. This new feature functions like a parental control. One of the biggest updates Windows 8 is the SmartScreen feature. This halts the installation of any unrecognized application. This is designed to help avoid phishing scams, and can be a very helpful tool if users try to download something that looks legitimate software but turns out to have a virus or malware included in it. The Linux operating system is entirely open

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