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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The spread and growth of cities
An outer commuting zone of an urban area; associated with social homogeneity and a lifestyle suited to family needs
Donut Effect
A term that refers to a pronounced difference in growth rates between a core city (slow growth or no growth) and its surrounding areas (faster growth).
The urban way of life; associated with a declining sense of community and increasingly complex social and economic organization as a result of increasing size, density and heterogeneity.
An association of people who share the same trade or skill. Historically, guilds were formed to protect shared interests and to ensure some uniformity of practice.
A school of economic thought dominant in Europe in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries that argued for the involvement of the state in economic life so as to increase national wealth and power.
Economic Base Theory
A theory that tries to explain the growth or decline of particular regions or cities in terms of "basic" and "non-basic economic activity: "basic goods and services are those produced for sale outside of the city.
Primate City
The largest city in a country, usually the capital city, which dominates its political, economic and social life.
Producer Services
Activities that offer a wide range of services to multinational and other companies that need to respond quickly to changing circumstances, including banking, insurance, marketing, accountancy, advertising, legal matters, consultancy and innovation services; in recent years, the fastest-growing sector of national economies in most of the more developed world
Gateway City
A city located at a key point of entry to a major geographic region or country, often a port or major rail centre, through which goods and people pass and in which several different cultural traditions are absorbed and assimilated.
Green Belt
A planned area of open, partially rural, land surrounding an urban.
Garden City
A planned settlement designed to combine the advantages of urban and rural living; an urban centre emphasizing spaciousness and quality of life.
A continuously built-up area formed by the coalescing of several expanding cities that were originally separate.
Edge City
A centre of office and retail activities located on the edge of a large urban centre.
Informal Sector
A part of a national economy involved in productive layout, but without any formal recognition, control or remuneration.
Squatter Settlement
A shanty town; a concentration of temporary dwellings, neither owned nor rented, at the city's edge; related to rural to urban migration, especially in less developed countries.
Epidemiological transition
A process associated with reductions in fertility and improvements in overall health. As the transition progresses, death and disability from communicable diseases decline in importance relative to problems resulting from non-communicable conditions.