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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ethnic Group
A group whose members perceive themselves as different from others because of a common ancestry and shared culture.
A subspecies; a physically distinguishable population with a species.
Any physical trait or chemical trait that can be observed or measured.
A particular form of prejudice. Attributing characteristics of superiority or inferiority to a group of people who share some physically inherited characteristic.
A residential district in an urban area with a concentration of a particular ethnic group.
Chain Migration
A process of movement from one location to another through time sustained by social links of kinship or friendship; often results in distinct areas of ethnic settlement in rural urban areas.
The process by which an ethnic group is absorbed into a larger society and loses its own identiy
The process by which an ethnic individual or group is absorbed into a larger society while retaining aspects of its distinct identity.
A policy that endorses the right of ethnic groups to remain distinct rather than assimilated into a dominant society.
Attitudes or beliefs that serve to justify sexual inequalities by incorrectly attributing or denying certain capacities either to women or to men.
In some feminist and psychoanalytic theory, interpreted as a cultural construct rather than as a biological given. Aligned with power and control.
Gay Theory
Ideas developed in gay and lesbian studies and concerned with oppressed sexualities in terms of both social rights and cultural policies.
A group of people sharing a common culture and an attachment to some territory, a term difficult to define objectively.
An area with defined and internationally acknowledged boundaries; a political unit.
A political unit that contains one principal national group that gives its identity and defines its territory.
Supreme authority over the territory and population of a state, vested in its government; the most basic right of a state understood as a political community.
A relationship between states in which one in dominant over the other.
The study of the importance of space in understanding international relations
Heartland Theory
A geopolitical theory of world power based on the assumption that the land-based state controlling the Eurasian heartland held the key to world domination.
The study of states as organisms that choose to expand in territory in order to fulfill their destinies as nation-states.
Rimland Theory
A geopolitical theory of world power based on the assumption that the state controlling area surrounding the Eurasian heartland held the key to word domination
Centrifugal Forces
In political geography, forces that make it difficult to bind an area together as an effective state; in urban geography, forces that favor the decentralization of urban land uses.
Centripetal Forces
In political geography, forces that pull an area together as one unit to create relatively a stable state; in urban geography, forces that favour the concentration of urban land uses in a central area.
The view held by one country that a minority living in a adjacent country rightfully belongs to the first country.
A process of transferring power from central to regional or local levels of government.
The concept that states are often unequally divided between powerful cores and dependent peripheries.
A form of government involving free and fair elections, openness and accountability, civil and political rights, and the rule of law.
The institution of rule over a state by the hereditary head of a family, monarchists are those who favour this system.
Rule by an elite group of people, typically the wealthy.
An oppressive, anti-democratic form of government in which the leader is often backed by the military.
A political philosophy that rejects the state and argues that social order is possible without a state.
The revolutionary thought and practice of Mao Zedong, based on protracted revolution to achieve power and socialist policies after power is achieved.
A form of government in which power and authority are divided between central and regional government.
State Apparatus
The institutions and organizations through which the state exercises its power.
Public Goods
Goods that are freely available to all or that are provided (equally or unequally) to citizens.
The realignment of electoral boundaries to benefit a particular political party.
A form of gerrymandering, involving the creation of electoral districts of varying population sizes so that one party will benefit.
Cold War
The period of confrontation without direct military conflict between Western (led by the US) and Communist (led by the USSR) powers that began shortly after the end of World War II and lasted until the early 1990s.