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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Louisiana Purchase

The purchase of the Louisiana territory in 1801 from France under the Jefferson Administration.

War Hawks

A group of young Republican Congressman, notably Henry Clay and John C Calhoun, who strongly opposed British encroachment on American ships, their repeated instigation and support for Tecumseh and his Indian army.

Era of Good Feelings

A gesture by James Monroe, successor of James Madison, to bring the two parties-- the Federalists and Republicans--together after the war of 1812. He did this by uniting political ideals of Jeffersonianism and Hamiltonian economics.

John Marshall

Federalist Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Supreme Court was nicknamed, Marshall's Court. He is responsible for landmark decisions in Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, and Gibbons v. Ogden.

Sally Hemings

After Jefferson's election many attacked not just his political career, but attacked his personal life as well. James Callender, a newspaper editor, accused Jefferson of having an affair with one of his slaves, Sally Hemings.

Marbury v. Madison

In response to John Adams Judiciary Act of 1801, Jefferson instructed Madison to hold all new commissions he would receive after his swearing-in as President. William Marbury, who was appointed as Justice of the Peace, sued James Madison for unlawfully ignoring commissions from the courts created under Madison's final law. He requested a writ to mandamus under the Judiciary Act of 1789 which would force Madison to accept the commission. Ultimately, Federalist John Marshall would decide on February 23rd, 1803 in the interest of all involved by declaring the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional. This would establish judicial review, therefore exponentially increasing the Supreme Court's power.

Monroe Doctrine

A declaration in 1823 by James Monroe in his annual message to Congress, he stated that America would no longer tolerate foreign efforts in colonizing territories of the United States. If any attempt be made, the government would see that as an act of War.

Battle of New Orleans

A British assault of New Orleans during the War of 1812. The army defending New Orleans was led by Andrew Jackson. Jackson would lead a garrison of free blacks, a small group of Indians, militia, regular troops, and a band of French pirates to victory. This battle ensued during and after a peace treaty between Britain and the US called, the Treaty of Ghent, due to the delay in the ability to spread the word.

Missouri Compromise

In response to Missouri requesting to join the Union as a slave state in 1819, and Congressman John Talmadge's rebuttal, the Missouri Compromise declared that Missouri would be admitted as a slave state while Maine would be admitted as a free state. This later evolved into the line that divided the North (Free territory) and the South (Slave territory).

Denmark Vesey Uprising

In 1822, Denmark Vesey was tried and executed for allegedly leading a slave insurrection to free slaves in Charleston. It is alleged that he used his freedom and the church he pastored as means of recruiting insurrectionists.