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10 Cards in this Set

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A gathering of fur Trappers and Natives in the Rocky Mountains that resembled a carnival-like celebrations where Trappers and Natives traded pellets and other goods.

Overland Trail

A 2000 Mile Trail traveled by the Great Migration that went from the East to the West coastal areas of Oregon to California.

Liberty Party

A party that arose during the presidential election of 1844. They strongly opposed slavery and annexation. This party would win James K. Polk the presidency.

George Catlin

An artist in the mid-nineteenth century who believed western expansion would destroy the Indian culture, so he traveled the West while documenting the culture through his paintings and artifacts with the idea of preservation.

Brigham Young

The successor to Joseph Smith, the founder and leader of the Mormons, Young would lead his fellow Mormons West to the Salt Lake Valley after a mob of angry citizens broke into Smith's jail cell and shot him to death. Young introduced polygamy to the Mormons, and is said to have had 55 wives during his lifetime.

James K. Polk

A student of Andrew Jackson and a lawyer from Tennessee, James K. Polk shared the same political ideologies as Andrew Jackson and would win the presidency in 1844.

Henry David Thoreau

A transcendentalist author who refused to pay a toll tax as a way to protest the war against Mexico and would spend the night in jail in 1846. He later discussed his reasoning behind the protests in a lecture titled, The Rights and Duties of the Individual in Relation to Government. He would defend his position from a Socratic method, "Unjust laws exist: shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once?"

Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago

After the US conquered Mexico City, Mexico would release 500,000 square miles of Mexican territory to the US government under President James K. Polk.

Wilmot Proviso

In wake of winning the Mexican War the abolitionists feared it was the South's way of expanding slavery into the West. David Wilmot, a congressman, would propose banning all slavery in the newly acquired territory.

Popular Sovereignty

A compromise proposed by Senator Lewis Cass between Pro abolitionists and anti-abolitionists, popular sovereignty would allow each territory to decide whether to allow slavery or not.