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10 Cards in this Set

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Waltham System

Devised in 1814 by group of merchants of Waltham, Massachusetts, the Waltham System was a system that created an industrial complex that included all the steps to clothe-making, and dormitories for their large labor force.

Lowell Experiment

A factory in Lowell, Massachusetts would house a mill that covered all processes of clothe-making included in library, a school, and dormitories for the young women it would employ. The relationship between the company and workers was fine until competition forced the company to cut wages of the women who then responded by going on strike. The strike was of no effect, but prompted others at different factories to do the same.

Five Points

Five Points was a multi-ethnic town comprised of free blacks, poor whites, and immigrants. The upper class saw Five Points as a dangerous and crime-ridden place , but the inhabitants saw it as a vibrant and diverse community.

Erie Canal

A 364 mile canal linking Buffalo on Lake Erie to Albany on the Hudson River. It was funded by the New York legislation at the request of the New York Governor Dewitt Clinton in 1817.

Helen Jewett

A prostitute that was murdered in New York, 1836. Her killer was acquitted despite mounting evidence of his guilt.

Tenant Farmers

50% of the white population in the South was comprised of people who lived and worked on farms that did not belong to them these tenant Farmers commonly fraternized with the black slaves.

Black Belt

A region in the 1820s from Alabama to Texas that was ideal for cotton cultivation. These areas were populated with slave labor.

State v. Mann

A case decided on in 1829 by Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin who declare that John Mann who had rented Lydia from Elizabeth Jones and had shot Lydia as she tried to escape punishment was in the right. The decision overruled the previous decision by the lower court who had convicted Mann of assault and battery stating that he had complete authority of Lydia.

Nat Turner's Rebellion

A black preacher named Nat Turner predicted a battle between the whites and blacks. He would lead a group of 80 slaves in Rebellion during the solar eclipse of 1831. The rebellion was squash but prompted stricter laws on slaves and free blacks such as limitation of firearms and prohibiting preaching.


A musical art formed by slaves that consisted of biblical themes. These were what we would call today hymnals.