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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Community/Public Health
…is the synthesis of nursing practice and public health practice.
…has the major goal to
preserve the health of the community and surrounding populations.
…focuses on health promotion and health maintenance.
…is associated with health and identification of populations at risk rather than an episodic response to patient demand.
The mission of public health is…
…social justice, which entitles all people to
basic necessities such as adequate income
and health protection and accepts collective
burdens to make this possible.
How do we define health?
…is a group or collection of locality-based individuals, interacting in
social units and sharing common interests, characteristics,
values and/or goals.
Nies and McEwen, 2007
Healthy People 2010
Leading Health Indicators
* Physical Activity
* Mental Health
* Overweight and Obesity
* Tobacco Use
* Substance Abuse
* Injury and Violence
* Environmental Quality
* Immunization
* Responsible Sexual Behavior
* Access to Health Care
Core Public Health Functions
Assessment: Regular collection, analysis, and information sharing
about health conditions, risks, and resources in a community.
Policy development: Use of information gathered during
assessment to develop local and state health policies and to
direct resources toward those policies.
Assurance: Focuses on the availability of necessary heath
services throughout the community. It includes maintaining the
ability of both public health agencies and private providers to
manage day-to-day operations and the capacity to respond to
critical situations and emergencies.
Essential Public Health Services
* Monitor health status to identify community health problems.
* Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community.
* Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.
Essential Public Health Services
Policy Development:
* Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.
* Mobilize community partnerships to identify
and solve health problems.
* Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.
* Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.
Essential Public Health Services
* Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure
* Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable.
* Ensure a competent public health and personal health care workforce.
* Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
* Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.
Healthy People 2010
Goal 1:
Increase quality and years of healthy life.
Healthy People 2010
Goal 2:
Eliminate health disparities.
Healthy People 2010
Focus Areas
1. Access to quality health services
2. Arthritis, osteoporosis, and
chronic back conditions
3. Cancer
4. Chronic kidney disease
5. Diabetes
6. Disability and secondary
7. Educational and community-based programs
8. Environmental health
9. Family planning
10. Food safety
11. Health communication
12. Heart disease and stroke
13. HIV
14. Immunization and infectious