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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Cerebral Cortex

the outer folded mantle of the brain responsible for thinking, reasoning, perceiving and conscious responses


Forming connections between neurons at the synapse. Responsible for all perceptionsactions and thoughts


Formation of a fatty layer encasing axons of neurons


Brain needs to shed unneccessary neurons to permit the cells to flourish

Rooting reflex

automatic response to touch of cheek


Chronic lack of adequate food


Excessively short stature in a child caused by a lack of adequate nutrition

Micronutrient Deficiency

Chronically inadequate level of a specific nutrient important important to development and disease prevention (vitamin, zinc, iron)

Preferential-looking paradigm

we are attracted to novelty and prefer to look at new things


we naturally lose interest in new object after some time

mass-to-specific sequence

large before small and detailed (wobbly steps to home run)

First Motor Milestone

Lift their Heads

Second Motor Milestone

Pivot their upper bodies

Third Motor Milestone

Sit up without head support

Fourth Motor Milestone



take in new information or experiences and incorporate them into our existing ideas


when new information or experiences cause you to modify your habits

Sensorimotor Stage

Pin down basics of reality

Circular Reactions

repetitive action oriented habits characteristic of babies during the sensorimortor stage

Primary Circular Reaction

The first infant habits during the sensorimotor stage centered on the body

Secondary Circular Reactions

Habits of the sensorimotor stage lasting from about 4 months-1year centerd on exploring the external world

Tertiary circular reactions

little scientist stage; beginning around the age of 1 involving flexibly exploring the properties of objects

Object permanence

The understanding of objects continue to exist even when we can no longer see them gradually emerges

Social Cognition

Any skill related to managing and decoding people's emotions and getting along with other human beings (puppet show)

Language development 2-4 Months


Language development 5-11 Months


Language development 12 months

Holophrases-one worded sentences

Language Development 18months-2years

Telegraphic speech-two word combinations

Infant directed speech

simplified, exaggerated high pitched tones adults and children use around babies to help teach language