Piaget Cognitive Development Study
Cognitive development study, Ann Birch book, Developmental psychology: from infancy to adulthood “ she defines as ‘study of the psychological changes that take place between birth and old age’ (1997, 1), intentions to describe and explain the changes that occur the duration of one’s birth to adulthood.
The essay will discuss the approaches of cognitive developments by the field’s most influential Jean Piaget, his three main principles as well as the four stages of cognitive development that explains behaviours of transformations the child goes through to adulthood.
Piaget’s scientific study was first to identify, that children were not only mini copies of grownups, but were …show more content…
For example a child learns birds are small and have wings to fly, as the child grows through the process of interacting, experiencing and learning, the child comes a cross birds that have wings but do not fly and bigger sizes (ostrich), this information was not part of the previous schema. In this case the new unfamiliar experience, the person will seek to match into an existing schema, if it matches than is assimilated, if it does not match, it is rejected or accommodated (Huitt and Hummel, …show more content…
Throughout this stage rapid changes occur, from helpless infant to walking and talking child. During this period six subdivided motor of development occurs, the substage of sensorimotor consist:
First the reflexes, this begins from birth to the first month, infants sensormotor reflexes is essential Piaget refers as built in schema, this is the ability to imitate, e.g. sucking reflexes (Oakley, 2004).
Second the primary circular reaction (one to four months), the child focus on own body, the child begins to experience sucking his/her fingers, no distinction ‘between self and outside world’ (ibid).
Third secondary circular reaction (four months to ten months) starts when the child begins to ‘kick’ and ‘grab’. The child’s actions are repetitive. Fourth Co-ordination of secondary circular reaction (ten months to twelve months) the child stars merging schemas to problem solving, e.g. schema to kick toys out of the way to get other toys (Gonzalez-DeHass & Alyssa & Willems & Patricia,