Erikson Trust Vs Mistrust Theory

818 Words 4 Pages
From the time infants are born through the first two years of life, the body and mind are constantly learning and changing. Every, single touch, sound, taste, smell and vision bring about opportunities to learn and adapt. New skills ignite as reflexes turn into learned movements, motor skills develop and cognition is increased. Newly found movements lead to courage and the desire to explore even more movement, sounds, thoughts, and abilities. The beginning of an infant’s life is one of the most important developmental stages of an entire lifetime.
Most infants, with the exception of preterm births, weigh-in between five and ten pounds; with males, typically weighing slightly more. They range in length from about eighteen to about twenty-two
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Mistrust” best describes the birth to two year milestone (Bukatko, 2008). His theory is that a person must successfully travel through crises and conflicts in order to move from one stage to the next. In “Trust vs. Mistrust” an infant is unsure of the world around it and has to learn to rely on its parent or primary caregiver to meet its needs with consistent and dependable care. This is important while development continues as it will lead to positive, secure relationships with others. If care during the “Trust and Mistrust” stage of development is inconsistent, unreliable, and unsafe the infant will carry a sense of mistrust and lack of confidence in itself and others, causing strain in future relationships and the infant to suffer from anxieties, a lower sense of self-confidence and possible developmental delays making it difficult to move from one stage to the next. The development of infants during this stage can be heavily prejudiced by cultural influences (Bukatko, 2008). Consequently, supported or unsupported by society, a family’s child-rearing efforts are often swayed. Some cultures encourage early development and specialized training so that infants are quick to master a skill. Others discourage early development to keep infants from harm by venturing from caregivers. Religion and socioeconomics can also play a big part in how infants develop. Money can determine the quality of care, while religion can control the types of care

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