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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who is credited with thefirst organized police force in London ?

Sir Robert Peel

What year was the first formalpolice department in the U.S. was created?

1838 in Boston

Areas where a lot of crime is occuring

Hot Spots

What are the issues with technology for police?

-Racial profiling

-LPR can be a violation of privacy

-DNA collection from discarded items

-Potential misuse of large governmental databases of info

How many arrests does an officer make in a month?

Average officer makes less than two arrests per month

A division of a law enforcement agency that investigates incidents and possible suspicions of law-breaking and professional misconduct to officers on the force

Internal affairs unit

Institutions set up by cities or police departments that employ civilian review of complaints against police officers

Civilian Review Board (CBRs)

The use of personal decision making and choice in carrying operations in the criminal justice system

Police discretion

What influences police discretion?

-Policing style

-Legal factors

-Environmental factors

-Departmental factors

-Peer factors

-Situational factors

-Extra legal factors

What are the policing styles?

-The crime fighter

-The social agent

-The law enforcer

-The watchman

Those who aggressively use their police powers for personal gain

Meat eaters

Those who accept the payoffs that the happenstances of police work throw their way

Grass eaters

What are the sources of corruption for police?

-Internal corruption

-Selective enforcement or non enforcement

-Active criminality

-Bribery and extortion

About how many people are killed by officers each year?


About how many people haveforce used or threated against them by police?


Threatening an officer or raising a weapon to have police shoot

Suicide by cop

A law that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence in a criminal trial

Exclusionary rule

A legal metaphor in the United States used to describe evidence that is obtained illegally

Fruit of the poisonous tree

Technology used by the police

- Crime mapping

-License Plate Recognition Technology (LPR)

-Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS)

-DNA Profiling

What are the three prong approach detectives use?

-Specific focus

-General coverage


What are the branches of typical police organization?





What are the purposes of patrol?


-Maintain public order

-Quick response

-Help others

-Traffic issues

Circumstances in which a warrantless search isallowed by police

-Incident to a valid arrest

-Stop and frisk

-Automobile search

-Plain view search

-Consent search

-Exigent circumstance

Can police use coercion to obtain a confession?

No. The 5th Amendment prohibits law enforcement from using physical or psychological coercions to obtain a confession

What circumstances a suspect can waive under Miranda rights?

-Have to be competent and sign a form

-Warning must be issued

-Must be aware that they are waiving their rights

What are the 2 components that must be present before deadly force can be used?

-To prevent escape

-When the suspect poses a significant threat of death or serious injury to officers or others