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23 Cards in this Set

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Anti-spam program
Program that protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, on storage media, or on incoming files.
Anti-virus program
Program that protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, on storage media, or on incoming files.
Backup utility
Utility program that allows users to copy, or back up, selected files or an entire hard disk to another storage medium, which can be used if the original is lost, damaged, or destroyed.
BIOS
Basic input/output system; firmware that contains the computer's startup instructions.
Booting
Process of starting or restarting a computer.
driver
Small program that tells an operating system how to communicate with a specific device. See also device driver.
Linux
Popular, multitasking UNIX-type operating system.
Mac OS X
Multitasking operating system that is the latest version of the Macintosh operating system.
Network operating system
Operating system that organizes and coordinates how multiple users access and share resources on a network. See also network OS.
Operating system (OS)
Set of programs containing instructions that work together to coordinate all the activities among computer hardware devices.
Personal firewall
Utility program that detects and protects a personal computer from unauthorized intrusions.
Plug and Play
Technology that gives a computer the capability to configure adapter cards and other peripherals automatically as a user installs them.
spyware remover
Program that detects and deletes spyware and other similar programs on a user's computer.
Trojan horse
Malicious-logic program named after the Greek myth that hides within or looks like a legitimate program.
uninstaller
Utility program that removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files.
UNIX
Multitasking operating system that now is available for most computers of all sizes.
User interface
The portion of software that defines how a user interacts with a computer, including how the user enters data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen.
Utility program
Type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer, its devices, or its programs.
Virtual memory
A portion of a storage medium, usually the hard disk, that the operating system allocates to function as additional RAM.
virus
potentially damaging computer program that affects, or infects, a computer negatively by altering the way the computer works without a user’s knowledge or permission
Windows 7
– Microsoft’s fastest, most efficient operating system to date, offering quicker program start up, built-in diagnostics, automatic recovery, improved security, enhanced searching and organizing capabilities, and an easy-to-use interface
System software
Programs that control or maintain the operations of a computer and its devices.
Phishing filter
Program that warns or blocks you from potentially fraudulent or suspicious Web sites.