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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the powers given to the president under the Constitution?
Article II offers all of the president’s constitutional duties and authority.
What were some of the concerns of the Framers when they were crafting the executive?
That eventually the president would become too powerful.
What is the president’s role in legislation? Three things possible having to do with legislation and two other things.
1) veto
2) sign off
3) ignore
He can call a special session of Congress, and he must report from time to time to the state of the Union.
Why do we call the president the Chief Diplomat?
The president is given broad authority and their experience under the Articles of Confederation taught them a lesson.
What is the most important limitation on a president's leadership?
The most important limitation on a president’s leadership is in foreign affairs. A 2/3s majority of Senate is needed to ratify treaties.
What is his role as Commander in Chief?
President has the ultimate say in the military and navy. The Founders did not want the responsibility to be all based on one branch so he made a check through Congress that only Congress can declare war.
What was the Era of Cabinet Government?
In the nineteenth-century, congress routed all matters related to administration and policy through the appropriate department secretary. When a president had a question about a policy, needed clarification on complaints or rumors about an agency head’s performance, or sought advice on whether to sign or veto a bill, he consulted his cabinet.
What was the president’s relationship with his political party during the 19th century?
For nineteenth century politicians the political party that controlled the presidency was their paramount concern. Whichever party captured control of the presidency won control of federal patronage. In this patronage era before election reforms allowed voters privacy and the opportunity to easily vote separately for the different offices, the party that won a state’s presidential contest almost invariably gained control of all the other state and local offices on the ticket.
What changes led to the modern presidency?
Presidents assumed administrative responsibilities unimagined a decade earlier. With additional responsibilities, these chief executives generally gained broad discretion in deciding how specifically to implement and administer policies to achieve mandated objectives. These new responsibilities, etc. led to the modern presidency.
Why is the budget the president’s most important “clerical” task?
Offers the president an opportunity to set the spending priorities of the federal government.
This was born from the Brownlow proposal that the president’s office should hold more staff and needed more help. The Executive Office of the President was created.
Institutional Presidency
Why did the president’s staff resources increase in size?
The presidential responsibilities increased in size and it was necessary for the president to have more people working for him.
He has pull on the inside of the government which is important for people that you work with to respect.
Insider President
He has pull with the population of the country which will help more overall.
Outsider President
What does going public mean?
Presidents and members of Congress share constituencies. If the president can win the public’s backing, opponents in congress may shrink the fight. They do not want to offend voters.
What does Article II say?
Look at the review because I have no idea
The provision in Article II, Section 3, of the Constitution instructing the president to “take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed.”
Take care clause
A presidential directive to an executive agency establishing new policies or indicating how an existing policy is to be carried out.
executive orders
An agreement between the president and one or more other countries. ____________ is similar to a treaty, but unlike a treaty, it does not require the approval of the Senate.
executive agreements
A presidential message to Congress under the constitutional directive that he shall “from time to time give to the Congress Information of the ______________, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.
state of the union
The formal power of the president to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress. A _____can be overridden by a two-thirds vote in each house.
veto
The formal group of presidential advisers who head the major departments and agencies of the federal government. ________ members are chosen by the president and approved by the Senate
cabinet
Authority, as of a government executive, to reject provisions of a bill individually. Also called item veto.
line item veto
An executive order prohibiting federal employees from communicating directly with Congress
gag rule
know what delegation is
i think its on the final review too
A presidential directive requiring that all executive agency proposals, reports, and recommendations to Congress—mostly in the form of annual reports and testimony at authorization and appropriations hearings—be certified by the Office of Management and Budget as consistent with the president’s policy.
central clearance
Previously known as the Bureau of the Budget, ___________ is the most important agency in the Executive Office of the President. The budget bureau, created in 1921 to act as a central clearing-house for all budget requests, was renamed and given increased responsibilities in 1970. ____________ advises the president on fiscal and economic policies, creates the annual federal budget, and monitors agency performance, among other duties
OMB: Office of Management and Budget
A government publication listing all proposed federal regulations
federal register
A bill that has been passed but both the Senate and the House and has been sent to the president for approval.
enrolled bills
The President’s Committee on Administrative Management. This concluded its detailed analyses of the state of the presidency that the president needs help.
Brownlow committee
Agency in the Executive Office of the President that serves as the president’s personal staff system. Although the entire EOP does the president’s business, the White House staff consists of the president’s personal advisers, who oversee the political and policy interests of the administration
WHO: White House Office