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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

First Republic Dates


Second Republic Dates


Third Republic Dates


Longest Republic

Fourth Republic Dates


Fifth Republic Dates


English Land Market Boom


Lords deprived peasants of rights of cultivation in open fields, yeoman took land from peasants

English Civil War

Commercially minded upper class and yeomen vs. King and the Old Order > beheaded Charles I

Not a class revolution/economic, religious, and constitutional issues

Changed law and social relationships: rural elites w/ capitalists > no medieval peasantry > became rural laborers, joined urban workers, got poor relief

Glorious Revolution


Destruction of Absolute Monarchy in England > Committee of Lords (Parliament)

Capitalist bourgeoisie > unimpeded by strong monarch, resting on new army and bureaucracy helped transition to parliamentary democracy

Britain in 1700s

French Revolution halts talk of reform

Upper Class closes itself off

Moore's views on the capitalist class and how it changes government

growing capitalist class needed to protect its property rights and gain other freedoms, such as freedom to do international trade, without arbitrary interference by monarchy

voice in tax policy > legislation > parliamentary system

leads to a constitutional government

Royal Absolutism

1643 - 1789

The 3 Louis

Louis XIV: Versailles, continuation of feudal structure

Louis XV: major economic reform, emergence of middle class on trade and commerce

Louis XVI: Estates General > National Assembly, limited monarchy

The French Revolution

1789 (Storming of the Bastille) -

Robespierre and the Jacobins

Greatly influenced by French philosophers: Montesquieu and Rousseau

Law of the Suspects

Outlawed forms of thought and identity that did not associate with the Revolution or did associate with aristocracy, nobility, or those dismissed by the National Convention

Women's March on Versailles

Drove Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette from Versailles and placed them under house arrest

First Constitution in 1791

Attempted to combine monarchial power w/ democratic, legislation with a monarch's veto power

Confiscation of Church Property


Tried to make up for large debt from various factors > kept reissuing payments

Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette

Caught attempting to escape > thought to be proof of conspiring w/ European powers to invade > Threats from Prussian gov't defending monarchy > Execution

Committee of Public Safety


Reign of Terror: Systematic execution of aristocracy and sympathizers by Sans Culottes

Also executed Robespierre's political rivals the Girondists (favored constitutional monarchy)

Totalitarian Democracy, Extreme Journalism

Ends with execution of Robespierre

First Napoleonic Empire


Came into power by military coup

1812: Lost War against Russia

Eventual exile of Napoleon (1814)

Restoration of Bourbon Monarchy


Louis XVIII > Charles X > Napoleon captures Paris

Battle of Waterloo: defeat of Napoleon

The Orleanist Monarchy


July Revolution > Moderates

Constitutional Monarchy: monarch and parliament

Revolution of 1848

Creation of the Second Republic

Ended w/ military coup of Napoleon III

Second Napoleonic Empire


Ended w/ Franco-Prussian War

Events of the Third Republic

Military Resistance to Germans in Paris

Paris Commune vs. Versailles Govt

Thiers and McHanon: monarchists

Boulanger Affair: strength of right-wing sentiments

The Dreyfuss Affair: anti-semitism in France

World War I


Extreme economic devastation and psychological devastation > polarization

Vichy France


Military Dictatorship under Germany: direct military occupation

Marshal Petain: pseudo-sovereign entity,

Charles de Gaulle: disbanded the Resistance resuming political standpoints

Factors of Fourth Republic


Strong National Assembly and Weak Executive

NA: Proportional Representation

Algerian Crisis > Disbandment of Republic

Beginning of the Fifth Republic

Charles de Gaulle

Strong Executive Powers

Presidentialism (Right): need for unity and strong leadership

Single-Member Districts

Plebiscitary Democracy: Referendums


Calls for weak executive and strong National Assembly

Motion of Censure

Will of the people > French Revolution

Motion of Censure

An asterisk on a bill that is to be put up by cabinet > bill is NOT passed > no confidence in govt / resignation

A parliament can choose not to vote on a bill and it will automatically become law > parliament stays in power, bill is passed, and motion of censure is null

Motion of Censure Requirements

1. Requires 10% of signatures

2. 48 Hour Waiting Period

3. Absolute Majority

Structure of Current French Government


Prime Minister

Constitutional Council: 9 Members


Parliament: National Assembly (Lower) and Senate (Upper) > Lower more powerful than upper

Current President of France

Francois Hollande

Current Prime Minister and Duties

Manuel Valls

Chooses the Cabinet

Current Leader of the National Front and Founder of the NF

Marine la Pen

Jean-Marie la Pen

National Assembly Structure

577 Members

Elected by 2 Round Voting

Senate Structure

348 Members

Half elected every 3 years

150,000 Grand Electors, Indirect Election > favors rural areas

Presidential Election

Run-off Voting

Prime Minister Election

Nominated by the Majority Party in the National Assembly and appointed by the President

Article 8

President designates Prime Minister as purely discretional act

Article 12

President may dissolve the parliament at any given time:

-must consult w/ council of ministers

-cannot be done twice in a single year

Article 16

President may declare a consitutional crisis and suspend laws and issue decrees

- Parliament must remain in session

- president must consult with its leaders

Article 15

President is the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces

Article 5

President has authority over Constitutional and foreign affairs

Article 11

President may call a referendum

-on the proposal of the govt

Article 49, Section 1

Article 49, Section 2

Article 49, Section 3

-Cabinet and Prime Minister must submit policy agenda to National Assembly

-Difficult to pass a motion of censure (requirements)

-Parliament can pass on a bill and not vote, becomes law and Parl. stays in power

Article 20

Article 21

Sweeping authority over general and defense policy

Article 23

When elected to join Cabinet > must resign from the National Assembly

Article 44

The Blocked Vote: Can't propose any amendments, but must vote yes or no