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6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Describe the following classifications of medications, including the actions, possible side effects, adverse reactions, nursing considerations, and five examples of each: antibiotics, analgesics and narcotics, hypnotics and sedatives, anticonvulsants, steroids, cardiotonics (give one example), antihypertensives, and diuretics
ANTIBIOTIC anti-infective agent used to treat bacterial infections. CLASSIFICATION: broad-spectrum, narrow-spectrum or bacteriostatic agents. ACTION to kill the bacteria causing the infection SIDE EFFECTS diarrhea, GI symptoms, possible allergic reaction

ANALGESICS medications the relieve pain: narcotics and non-narcotics. These interfere with a person's perception of pain but do not cause unconsciousness. Side effects from narcotics are addiction, itching

NARCOTICS are called opiates and are very addictive "OPIATES" such as morphine and codeine. Side effects are naseau, vomitting and slowed respiratory, constipation and addiction, a depressant effect on the brain's cerebral cortex.







Describe client and family teaching concerning proper administration of prescribed medications
Take all meds prescribed; do not stop early if you feel better. Take you meds AS prescribed the correct milligram dosage and if with food when advised to avoid upset stomach
Discuss the implications associated with drug-resistant bacteria
If an antibiotic is used indiscriminately, particulary for minor ailments, or is administered improperly, certain pathogens may mutate or build a tolerance to it. The antibiotic will be ineffective, thus the microorganism will be termed resistant.
Discuss the major side effects of prolonged steroid therapy
feelings of euphoria, general well-being; increased appetitie and subsequent weight gain; tendency to bruise easily, Hirsutisum (increased facial hair); aggravation of adolescent acne; generalized weakness; hypertension; elevated blood glucose levels; increased susceptibility to infection; cataract formation; thrombophlebitis or embolism; Moon Face; buffalo hump; osteoporosis
Describe the most common side effects of narcotics, hypnotics and sedatives
NARCOTICS--nausea, vomitting, constipation. HYPNOTICS--morning hangover, drowiness and legathery
Demonstrate the ability to accurately research information about medications
Use your Davis drug book, PDR (physican desk reference) or use the computer at the nurse station