Public Health Problem Of Antibiotic Resistance

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Public Health Problem Antibiotics are a type of medicine used to attack and prevent the infection of bacteria. They are a type of medicinal drug accessible through means of a doctors prescription. Antibiotics work in a multitude of ways to attack bacteria such as destroying the bacterial cell wall and suppressing the secretion of energy from glucose within the bacterial cell wall (What is Antibiotic Resistance, 2016).

Antibiotic resistance occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability to successfully control or kill bacteria. It essentially occurs when bacteria are resistant to antibiotics and continue to multiply even in the presence of the antibiotic. It occurs because of changes in DNA of bacteria (Edwards R., 1990). Just like any other
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According to the scientific article produced by Berkowitz FE, bacteria learn to exert biochemical resistance by preventing entry of the antibiotic drug, by rapidly extruding the drug, by enzymatically inactivating the drug, or by altering its molecular target (Berkowitz, 1995).The horizontal dissemination of resistance genes into bacterial species that are not intrinsically resistant is a natural quality of bacteria (Gemmell CG, Felmingham D., 1990). This phenomenon takes place world wide wherever bacteria could presumably located. Antibiotic resistance is not limited to a certain era or region whatsoever because bacteria is everywhere. However, antibiotic resistance is likely to develop through the use of drugs in certain “hotspots” such as clinics, hospitals, farms, …show more content…
Public Health intervention could greatly lower the spread of antibiotic resistance in my opinion. If more policies and programs were implemented to inform the public of this phenomenon people would be more aware of the critical reasoning behind completing an antibiotic prescription. Also, stricter regulations on prescribing antibiotics by physicians, such that no incorrect prescriptions are administered through pharmacies or doctors who are mistaken. Antibiotics are often prescribed for a minor conditions that could otherwise easily be cured without the need of antibiotics. It is very common for patients to not finish an antibiotic course prescribed to them. If the public is made more aware of the risks of doing so then they will be a lot more cautious with their intake and handling of antibiotics

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