The Importance Of Drug Resistance

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Drug resistance is becoming a more well know incident amongst various countries and socioeconomic groups. With more and more research being done it is becoming apparent that drug resistance occurs one of three ways, over prescribing of antibiotics, mutation of genes and acquisition of new genes via horizontal transfer (Ackerman and Gonzales, 2012 & Cowen, 2011). As a result of the ever-growing drug resistant bacteria there is a constant need for reducing the amount of drug-resistant infections. Nurses play a key role in reduction when implementing proper professional practice (Moralejo, 2014). However, with various issues related to antibiotic administration practices such as medication errors, prophylactic antibiotic use and prescribing …show more content…
The main way to combat these infections is by performing proper hand washing techniques, the amount of friction killing the most bacteria (Tseng, Lee, Lin, Chang S, Chang F, 2011). Performing proper hand washing will prevent the spread of disease from one patient to the next. In addition, wearing proper PPE proves to be beneficial from preventing the spread of a droplet, contact and airborne drug-resistant infections from one patient to the next (Moralejo, 2014). Sterile and aseptic techniques also prove to be beneficial in reducing the spread of drug-resistant diseases (Moralejo, 2014). Open wounds are highly susceptible to contamination and microbial infections, by using proper techniques the chances of infections entering the wound are reduced drastically (Moralejo, 2014). Lastly, the most important way to decrease drug-resistant infections is to reduce the risk of prophylactic antibiotic use (Allen, Casey, Looft, Trachsel, 2014). Fewer and fewer new antibiotics are being produced, with the constant numbers of drug-resistant infections on the rise is reason enough to either limit the distribution of antibiotics or implement alternative methods for killing or inhibiting the pathogens (Allen, Casey, Looft, Trachsel, 2014). Through implementing each of these methods, the amount of drug-resistant infections will be …show more content…
As a result of over prescribing, spontaneous mutation and horizontal gene transfer many diseases are becoming immune to antibiotics. With the implementation of a professional practice nurses play a large role in treating and caring for the sick. By broadening their range of knowledge, with various resources, nurses are able to provide the most competent and safe care for each patient. Although, due to the high paced work environment issues arise in regards to antibiotic administration. From errors made by nurses, to the wrong prescription being prescribed by a physician, both prove to be detrimental to a patient’s health. However, when using proper hand washing technique, correctly using and removing personal protective equipment, performing sterile and aseptic techniques and limiting the amount of antibiotic prescribed will reduce the spread if drug-resistant infectious diseases. Learning to control and prevent the spread of these diseases is imperative for every individuals

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