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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


Testable statements that potentially explain specific phenomena observed in the natural world


a set of hypotheses that have been rigorously testes and validated, leading to their establishment as a generally accepted explanation of specific phenomena

scientific method

an empirical research method in which data are gathered from observations of phenomena, hypotheses are formulated and tested, and conclusions are drawn that validate or modify the original hypotheses

Name the four sub-fields of anthropology + define each

1. Cultural - Study of present day society

2. Physical - study of human biological evolution and biocultural variation

3. Archaeology - study of past/ dead societies

4. Linguistics - study of language in society


humans and human-like ancestors


the complete set of genetic information for an organism or species that represents all of the inheritable traits


group of mammals with complex behavior, varied forms of locomotion, and unique suites of traits

ex. lemurs, monkeys, apes

Subsistence on St. Catherine's Island

Pre-AD 1000 Foraging:

-ate wild fish, animals, and plants

Three attributes of humanness



-Dependence on domesticated food

social learning

the capacity to learn from other humans, enabling the accumulation of knowledge across many generations

Franz Boas

-united the study of culture, language, and biology within American anthropology

-called the Father of American Anthropology

-laid the foundation of scientific anthropology by relying on the scientific method

Forensic Anthropologists

focus on skeletal analysis of individuals

What make us human?




Within Physical Anthropology, humans are viewed as

both cultural and biological beings

material culture

the part of culture that is expressed as objects that humans us to manipulate environments

List the steps of the scientific method

1. Observation

2. Hypothesis

3. Predictions

4. Test

5. Hypothesis supported or rejected

6 Hypothesis Supported: More tests

6. Hypothesis Rejected: Revise Hypothesis