Subfields Of Anthropology Essay

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Anthropology is the education of humans. Through the study of anthropology, our goal is to better understand human culture and the evolutionary aspects of human biology. Within the training of anthropology, there are four major subfields. These subfields are: Linguistic Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Archaeology, and Physical (Biological) Anthropology. This paper will be informing us on these four subfields of anthropology so that we may have a healthier understanding of each one. The primary subfield we will tackle is “Linguistic Anthropology.” Linguistic Anthropology is the study of linguistic discrepancies through time and space and interrelations between language and culture. More or less, linguistic anthropologists also make …show more content…
Archaeology constructs, defines, and interprets human behavior through material remains. Archaeologists discover artifacts, material remains that humans have either made, used, or modified, such as tools, weapons, building structures, and debris which help make an observation about past events which may have taken place. Vegetal and animal remains, as well as garbage, can tell stories about some past experiences. For instance, learning animal bones is a good way one can tell the age and sex of an animal. One may even be able to extricate a domesticated animal from a wild animal from these …show more content…
One of the chief interests of this subfield is to understand hominids evolution through the study of fossils. They also study human progress and development, human biological plasticity (the body’s ability to cope with stress), and the historic evolution of non-human primates. These listed interests furthermore link biological anthropology to other fields such as biology, zoology, anatomy, etc. Osteology, the study of bones, supports paleoanthropologists who examine skulls, teeth, and bones, to identify our human ancestors and examine any changes in anatomy over a given time. A paleontologist is a scientist who specializes in studying fossils of human evolution. Paleoanthropologists often work with archaeologists, someone who specializes in the study of artifacts, in reenacting biological and cultural aspects of human evolution. When somebody finds fossils, they usually tend to find some ancient tools as well near these fossils, for each tool is able to provide information about the habits, customs, and lifestyles of the humans who used

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