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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Consciousness - Our awareness of ourselves and our environment

Circadian Rhythm - The biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (temperature,wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle

REM Sleep - Rapid eye movement sleep; recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur

Alpha Waves - Relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state

Sleep - Periodic, natural loss of consciousness

Hallucinations - False sensory experiences, like seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus

Delta Waves - Large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep

NREM Sleep - Non-rapid eye movement sleep, encompasses all sleep stages except for REM sleep

Insomnia - Recurring problems in falling or staying asleep

Narcolepsy - Sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks, could possibly lapse into REM sleep at inopportune times

Sleep Apnea - Sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated momentary awakenings

Night Terrors - Sleep Disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; occur during Stage 4; not usually remembered

Dream - Sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person's mind

Manifest Content - Freud, the remembered storyline of a dream

Latent Content - Freud, underlying meaning of a dream

REM Rebound - Tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation (repeated awakenings during REM sleep)

Hypnosis - Social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will simultaneously occur

Posthypnotic Suggestion - Suggestion made during hypnotic session to be carried out after the subject is not hypnotized

Dissociation - Split in consciousness, allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others

Psychoactive Drug - Chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods

Tolerance - Diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, user is required to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect

Withdrawal - Discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of an addictive drug

Physical Dependence - Physiological need for a drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued

Psychological Dependence - Psychological need to use a drug, such as to relieve negative emotions

Addiction - Compulsive drug craving and use, despite adverse consequences

Depressants - Drugs (alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow body functions

Barbiturates - Drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment

Opiates - Opium and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, which temporarily lesson pain and anxiety

Stimulants - Drugs (caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines, cocaine, ecstasy) that excite neural activity and speed up bodily functions

Amphetamines - Drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing sped-up bodily functions and associated energy/mood changes

Methamphetamine - Powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system, with sped-up bodily functions and associated energy/mood changes; reduces baseline dopamine levels over time

Ecstasy (MDMA) - Synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen; produces euphoria and social intimacy with short-term health risks and long-term harm to serotonin-producing neurons

Hallucinogens - Psychedelic drugs (LSD) that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input

LSD - Powerful hallucinogenic drug (aka Acid)

Near-Death Experience - Altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death

THC - Major active ingredient in marijuana, triggers variety effect; even mild hallucinations