The Effects Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

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Sleep can be defined as a necessary time of physical and mental rest, where consciousness, thought, and voluntary movements stop and sporadic dreaming occurs. No one knows why or how humans and other animals sleep, but it is certain that the type of sleep affects quality, quantity, and effectiveness of wakeful mental and physical activities. However, scientists have confirmed that sleep occurs in two stages, REM and NREM. REM sleep is rapid eye movement sleep and NREM is non-rapid eye movement sleep. These activities then affect the quality, quantity, and effectiveness of sleep (Thompson 1). Daytime sleepiness, due to sleep deprivation is a major problems for fifty percent of college students as compared to thirty six percent of adults. An expansive, sixty percent of students have reported being sleepy, dragging, and tired at least three days per week (Hershner 3). It is impossible …show more content…
It can be potentially life threatening. OSA is extremely common. It is estimated the around twelve million Americans suffer from the disorder. Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by periods of ineffective breathing, shallow breathing, or no breathing at all with high airway resistance, that occurs twenty to thirty times per hour. Treatments can include behavioral therapy, use of mechanical devices, and even surgery to open the airways more (NIH 65).
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a neurological movement disorder where the person has an odd feeling in their legs and an unstoppable urge to move them, with worsening symptoms during times of rest. The odd sensations patients feel in their legs, and sometimes arms, is reported as creeping, crawling, tugging, or tingling that can be soothed by moving and rubbing the limbs. Treatments for RLS span from simply exercising and massaging the legs, to changing the diet of the individual. In more severe cases, pharmaceutical treatments are available (NIH

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