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71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What did Napoleon do in 1806 to the German states
Napoleon reestablished them and got rid of the HRE
By 1806 what did the Russians and Prussians want from Napoleon
Peace-Russia and Napoleon met, while Prussia waited to hear its verdict-ended up being cut in half
What were the three parts of Napoleon's empire
1] France 2] Dependent satellite kngdo 3] Austria, Russia, Prussia binded
What did Napoleon do to the states he ruled over
Produce French laws like abolishing feudal dues and serfdom along with put heavy taxes
Where did the first great revolt of Napoleon occur
Spain in 1808
What did France/Napoleon want to do with the 'nation of shopkeepers'
Through the continental system Napoleon wanted to weaken British trade
In 1812 who did Napoleon try to invade, what was the result
Russia=under Alexander the Russians retreated which strongly hurt the French army
What was the Fourth Coalition
Austria, Prussia, Russia, Great Britain
What did the Treaty of Chauont cement
The Quadruple Alliance
Who replaced Napoleon
What did the Constituional Charter do
Accept many of France's revolutionary changes and guarentee civil liberties
What were the events that occured after Napoleons escape fro Elba
He put together band of soldiers got Louis XVIII to flee and thruogh Hundred Days was defeated at Battle of Waterloo and sent off to a new island
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin, why
Great Britain [Scotland, Wales, England]
1] Expansion of Atlantic economy
2] navigation through cannals
3] no tariffs in the country
4] agricultural revolution led to more food and could spend more on goods
5] central banks and market
6] large proletarianization converted to the city
What was the Industrial Revolution
Term used to describe Britain in 183- where there were burst of major innovations and technical changes that led to development of several industries
What were the first large markets that were developed
Cotton textile industry
What did James Hargreaves invent
Cotton spinning jenny-which was simple and inexpensive and was easier way to spin
What did Richard Arkwright invent
The water frae which used wateprower for spinning thread-led to development of large factories
What was the good early consequences of the revolutionary developents
Cotton which led to clenliness, weavers were better paid
Who did factory workers turn to for employment
Children who could be paid poorly
What during the late seventeenth century and early nineteenth century was used for energy
Wood which produced charcoal
What did Thoas Newcomen develop
Steam engines-which produced steam from coal
What did James Watt develop
A better invention of the steam engine through creating a condenser to stop waste of energy
What was coke
Basically new form of energy-which was developed from the puddling furnace
What did Henry Cort develop
The puddling furnace-which turned pig iron to coke
What did George Stephenson build
The Rocket which was a railroad which sped fro Liverpool and manchester Railway
Where was the first railway
Liverpool to manchester
What was the significance of the railways
Reduced cost of freight and led to advances in the markets and factories along with cheaper goods
What did the construction of railways call for a large demand of
Unskilled labor and urban workers
Who was Claude monet
Painter who painted the awe of the Industrial Revolution
What was the Crystal Palace
Great Exhibition-palace made of glass and iron and showed amazement of Industrail Revolution
Why do many historians believe that the growth of population from 1750 to 1850 wasnt harmful
Because helped facilitate the industrial expansion
What did Thomas malthus write and believe in
He wrote Essay on the Principle of Population where he argued that the population grows faster then food supply and population checks were positive
What did David Ricardo believe in
He believed in the iron law of wages which stated that population growth would keep wages at substistence levels
From around 1830 to 1860 how was the gap of levels of industrialization of Britain and other European countries
Very spread apart-Britain far ahead
Which countries slowly started to follow England in the Industrial Revolution
Belgium and United States
Which European states managed to raise per capita industrial levels in the nineteenth century
All of them
What did the Industrial Revolution's growth show between the Asian states and European states
The growth and power of European countries compared to the backwards Asian states
What significant European event fro 1789-1815 slow the growth of the industrial revolution in most European states
Napoleonic Wars
Why was it difficult for many countries to follow Britain's lead in the industrial revolution
-Technology to advanced
-Expensive prices of industry
-Fewer resources
-Discouragement of the government officials
After 1815 what advantages did the other countries have to advance in the Industrial Revolution
1] Puttting out enterprise
2] borrow methods of British
3] strong independent governments [Russia, France]
What were the four agents of industrialization
1] Talented workers in Britain escaping to other countries
2] Talented entrepreneurs
3]Government help
4] Banking
Who was William Cockerill
Carpenter who moved to Belgium and invented factory for steam engines and other locomotives
Who was Fritz Harkort
Business pioneer of the Geran achinery industry-built many steam engines
What were tariff protections
Laying high tariffs on other countries importing goods but no tariffs on imports from own country
What did many governments pay for
Who was Friedrich List and what did he believe in
He was German journalist who believed that the industrial revolution kept Europe from being backwards
What was Zollverein
A tariff union formed by Freidrich List which was a special union to protect trade
What is economic nationalism
Idea where the growth of an economy with help of nation helps the nation grow stronger
What granted permission from the government result in new banks
The pemission of enjoying limited liability-stockbrokers could lose only their original bank loss
Who were Isaac and Emile Pereire
Founders of the Credit mobilier of Paris-bank in Paris which paid for many railways
What is the idea of class conciousness
The idea that conflicting classes existed because individuals knew which class they belonged to [marxist idea]
During the Industrial Revolution what was the view of women
They should steer clear of business and take care of family
What did William Blake and William Wordsworth believe
They were against the factories saying they hurt nature and were vicious
Who were the Luddites
Group of handicraft workers who attacked factories in Northern Englnd in 1812 s
What did Friedrich Engels write and believe
He wrote The Conditions of the Working Class in England which he stated that the middle class were the causes of murder and crime
What did marx and Engels believed caused many of socities problems
What did Andrew Ure and Edwin Chadwick believe
That the facotires were not that harsh and provided more money to buy goods
Although the English workers did in ways recieve higher payments this was caused because of...
higher work hours
How did many families come to the mills
In family units
Who was Robert Owens and what did he call for
He was a Scottish manufacturer and believed that one shouldnt hire children under 10
What was the Factory Act of 1833
Limited the factory workday for children between nine and thirteen to 8 hours and adolescents between fourteen andeighteent to 12 hours-children under 9 go to elementary schools
What was the ultimate fate of women because of the sexual division of labor in the Industrial Revolution
1] married women were less likely to work
2] only really poor women worked
3] women only got poor paying jobs
Why were women limited during the Industrial Revolution
Women couldnt take care of children and work, running household was hard to do, only 'women' jobs were available
Why did many men call for the mines act of 1842
Were horrified by seeing women work shirtless in underground mines
What did the mines act of 1842 call for
Women and boys under 10 couldnt work in underground mines
What was the main occupation of women
being a servant
What was the Combination Acts of 1799
Passed by British Parliament which outlawed unions and strikes
When was the Combination Acts repealed
What was the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union
Organized in 1834 by Robert Owens it was one of the earliest national unions-eventually collapsed
What did many unions do for its members
Won real benefits
What was the Chartist movement
The movement for working class which wanted male suffrage and limiting workdays and cheaper bread