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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Aspects of the system of checks and balances include all of the following EXCEPT:
Presidents can force Congress to adjourn.
The difference between civil rights and civil liberties is:
That civil rights involve government action to secure rights of citizenship, whereas civil liberties involve individual freedoms that limit the power of government
All of the following statements concerning affirmative action are true EXCEPT:
Statistics indicate that blacks are now even with whites on most economic measures.
Gibbons v. Ogden increased the power of the national government by interpreting very broadly the:

Commerce clause of the Constitution

The powers of the president include all of the following EXCEPT:
The president can declare war.
The "necessary and proper clause":

Is used by Congress to justify the exercise of powers not mentioned in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution

States that it is necessary and proper for the president to have sufficient reasons to begin a war

Is used by the Supreme Court as justification for the power of judicial review

All of the following statements concerning the right to privacy are true EXCEPT:

The founders debated whether to include a right to privacy in the Constitution and rejected it.

Both the states and the national government may exercise all of the following powers EXCEPT:
Levying import or export taxes on goods
The Supreme Court has most recently ruled that the Second Amendment:
Establishes an individual right to bear arms
The initiative, referendum, and recall are methods used:
In some state governments to allow citizens to participate more directly in government
The Senate was designed to be the more aristocratic house of Congress.
The civil rights movement of the 1950s-1960s was most successful in eliminating ______ but was far less successful in eliminating ______.
De jure discrimination, de facto discrimination
The Supreme Court's ruling in Griswold v. Connecticut is significant because it:
Opened the door for a variety of claims regarding the right to privacy
The amendment process for the Constitution:
Was designed to allow growth and change but not to be too easy
Women gained the right to vote by a strategy of:
Gaining the right to vote in states where they had support and expanding their support over time
Federal funds provided to states for a broad purpose and unrestricted by detailed requirements are called:
Block grants
Blacks were kept from exercising their rights in the South after Reconstruction by all of the following methods EXCEPT:
Civil suits
Two trends evident in the development of American federalism throughout history are the:
Expansion of American government in general and the gradual strengthening of the federal government
The Supreme Court has interpreted the Fourteenth Amendment to:
Strike down racial segregation in the states
The rulings of the Supreme Court under John Marshall contributed to enhancement of:
The power of the federal government
An advantage of the unicameral legislature over the bicameral legislature is that:
It is much more responsive to public opinion
All of the following amendments help guarantee civil rights EXCEPT the:
The First Amendment includes all of the following provisions EXCEPT:
Protects the right to own a gun
Cooperative federalism is a theory that:
Defines state and national powers as interdependent, requiring the cooperation of each other to get things done
Which of the following is not a disadvantage of federalism?
It enables the states serve as policy laboratories.
Article III of the Constitution:
Creates the Supreme Court but allows Congress to establish lower courts
According to the Supreme Court, for school prayer to violate the establishment clause, it must be:
Part of official school activities
In Federalist No. 51, James Madison predicted that no single branch of government would become too powerful and oppress citizens, because:
The other two branches would curb the possibly oppressive advances of each branch.

In "Letter From Birmingham Jail," Martin Luther King, Jr. argues which of the following justifies someone from outside the area coming in to join non-violent civil disobedience actions?

A & C, but not B.

The source of authority cited by the Supreme Court for applying the Bill of Rights to the states is:
The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution
Which of the following is not constitutional?
Fulfilling quotas of minorities in school admissions
All of the following statements concerning incorporation of the Bill of Rights are true EXCEPT:
The Supreme Court began the process of incorporation of the Bill of Rights in the late 1960s.
The New Deal increased the scope of both national and state powers by:
Redefining the purpose of American government to include solving nationwide economic and social problems
The theory that defines the state and national governments as essentially separate from each other and carrying out independent functions is:
Dual federalism
The Supreme Court has ruled that the exclusionary rule should:
Apply only when the police conduct an illegal search deliberately; however, the burden is on the police to show they acted in good faith
The establishment clause guarantees:
That government will not create and support an official state church
All of the following describe dual federalism EXCEPT:
The national and state governments overlap on some functions.
The founders created the ________ as an intermediate body to elect the president.
Electoral College
The right against self-incrimination:
Applies at all stages of a criminal proceeding at the state and national levels
Which of the following statements best describes the constitutional right to privacy?
A right to privacy is not clearly spelled out in the Constitution, but many people argue the right is implied.