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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Great Plains
the vast grassland that extends through the central portion of North America, from Texas northward to Canada, east of the Rocky Mountains
Treaty of Fort Laramie
the treaty requiring the Sioux to live on a reservation along the Missouri River
Battle of Wounded Knee
the massacre by U.S. soldiers of 300 unarmed Native Americans at Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota, in 1890
a minority groups adoption of the beliefs and way of life of the dominant culture
Dawes Act
a law, enacted in 1887, that was intended to "Americanize" Native Americans by distributing reservation land to individual owners
a breed of sturdy, long-horned cattle brought by the Spanish to Mexico and suited to the dry conditions of the Southwest
Chisholm Trail
the major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas, through Oklahoma to Kansas
long drive
the movement of cattle over trails to a shipping center
Homestead Act
a U.S. law enacted in 1862, that provided 160 acres in the West to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of household and would cultivate the land for 5 years; a law whose passage led to record numbers U.S. settler claiming private property which previously had been reserved by treaty and tradition for Native American nomadic dwelling and use; the same law strengthened in 1889 to encourage individuals to execise their private property rights and develop homesteads out of the vast government lands
an Afican American who migrated from the South to Kansas in the post-Reconstruction years
a home built of blocks of turf
Morrill Acts
laws enacted in 1862 and 1890 to help create agricultural colleges by giving federal land to states
bonanza farm
an enormous farm on which a single crop is grown
the Patrons of Husbandry - a social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century
Farmers' Alliances
groups of farmers, or those in sympathy with farming issues, who sent lecturers from town to town to educate people about agricultural and rural issues
a late-19th-century political movement demanding that people have a greater voice in government and seeking to advance the interests of farmers and laborers
the use of both gold and silver as a basis for a national monetary system
gold standard
a monetary system in which the basic unit of currency is defined in terms of a set amount of gold