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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the formal withdrawl of a state from the Union
Compromise of 1850
series of Congressional measures intended to settle the major disagreements between free states and slave states
popular sovereignty
a system in which the residents vote to decide an issue
Wilmont Proviso
an amendment to an 1846 military appropriations bill, proposing that none of the territory aquired in the war with Mexico would be open to slavery
Fugitive Slave Act
a law enacted as part of the Compromise of 1850, designed to ensure that escaped slaves would be returned into bondage
personal liberty laws
statutes, passed in the nine Northern states in the 1850s, that forbade the imprisonment of runaway slaves and guaranteed jury trials for fugitive slaves
Underground Railroad
a system of routes along which runaway slaves were helped to escape to Canada or to safe areas in the free states
Kansas-Nebraska Act
a law, enacted in 1854, that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decide whether to allow slavery
Bleeding Kansas
a name applied to the Kansas territory in the years before the Civil War, when the territory was a battleground between proslavery and antislavery forces
favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-born people
Know-Nothing Party
a name given to the American Party, formed in the 1850s to curtail the political influence of immigrants
Free-Soil Party
a political party formed in 1848 to oppose the extension of slavery into U.S. territories
Republican Party
the modern political party that was formed in 1854 by opponents of slavery in the territories
Freeport Doctrine
the idea, expressed by Stephen Douglas in 1858, that any territory could exclude slavery by simply refusing to pass laws supporting it
the Confederate States of America, a confederation formed in 1861 by the Southern states after their secession from the Union