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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
the period of rebuilding that followed the Civil War, during which the defeated Confederate states were readmitted to the Union
Radical Republican
one of the congressional Republicans who, after the Civil War wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders and to give African Americans full citizenship and the right to vote
Wade-Davis Bill
a bill, passed in 1864 and vetoed by President Lincoln, that would have given Congress control of Reconstruction
Freemen's Bureau
a federal agency set up to help former slaves after the Civil War
black codes
the discriminatory laws passed throughout the post-Civil-War South which severely restricted African Americans' lives, prohibiting such activities as traveling without permits, carrying weapons, serving on juries, testifiying against whites, and marrying whites
Fourteenth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1862, that makes all persons born or naturalized in the United States - including former slaves - citizens of the country and guarantees equal protection of the laws
to formally charge an official with misconduct in office. The House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach federal officials.
Fifteenth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1870, that prohibits the denial of voting rights to people because of their race or color or because they have previously been slaves
a white Southerner who joined the Republican Party after the Civil War
a Northerner who moved to the South after the Civil War
a system in which landowners give farm workers land, seed and tools in return for a part of the crops they raise
tenant farming
a system in which farm workers supply their own tools and rent farmland for cash
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
a secret organization that used terrorist tactics in an attempt to restore white supremacy in Southern states after the Civil War
panic of 1873
a U.S. financial crisis in which banks closed and the credit system collapsed, resulting in many bankruptcies and high unemployment
the Southern Democrats' term for their return to power in the South in the 1870's
Compromise of 1877
a series of congressional measures under which the Democrats agreed to accept the Republican candidate Rutherford B. Hayes as president, even though he had lost the popular vote. The measures included the withdrawl of federal troop from Southern states, federal money for improving Southern infrastructure, and the appointment of a conservative Southern cabinet member.
home rule
a state's powers of governing its citizens without federal government involvement