Focus Question (page 482):
The admission of new states to the Union fueled the debate by interrupting the balance between the number of slave states and free states. According to the textbook, it states, “[T]erritory gained by the Mexican-American War threatened to destroy the balance.” In the senate this would mean one side would have more power than the other due to popular vote. Both the North and South were opposed to this idea resulting in the debate.
Checkpoint (pg. 483):
The Free-Soil Party was founded to unite both Democrats and Whigs to ban slavery in the territory gained from the Mexican-American War. In the process they chose a candidate for the election of 1848.
Primary Source (pg. 484):
a. Daniel Webster …show more content…
The election of Abraham Lincoln sparked the secession of the Southern states because they knew that Lincoln was against slavery and had the power to abolish it. The only way to make sure the Southern economy didn’t end up in tatters was to make sure that slavery continued and to secede from the government of the United States of America.
Map Questions (pg. 500):
a. On the map, green stands for the states where the votes went to Lincoln (Republican Party) in the 1860 election, purple for Douglas (Northern Democrat), yellow for Bell (Constitutional Union), and orange for Breckinridge (Southern Democrat). The Republican Party won almost all of the Northern states while the Southern Democrat Party won almost all of the Southern states.
b. The map shows sectionalism was important in the election as it comes to show how the North and South were divided by their opinions. In the election, this sectionalism gave way to peer pressure as people were persuaded to vote for one side over the other. Thus, the election was clearly split between the North and the South.
Checkpoint (pg. …show more content…
Read pages 512-514
Focus Question (pg. 512):
Each side on the Civil War thought the war would be won easily because each had advantages that made them almost equal. This made it a long and bloody war.
Map Questions (pg. 513):
a. Kentucky, West Virginia, Missouri, and Maryland.
b. It was important to the Union to keep the border states from seceding from the Union as the North needed all the help they could get. After all, there’s strength in numbers and Lincoln would not let the Confederacy win.
Chart Questions (pg. 514):
a. The Union had the greatest advantage in factory production as this gave the Union more ammo and the production helped them win the war. The South, in contrast, had almost no factory production, making them run low on supplies.
b. For population, more men means more troops to fight in the war. More factory production means more uniforms, more armory, etc. More railroad mileage means supplies can get places faster.
c. Based on the chart, it’s obvious that the Union would win the war due to the fact they have a better chance with more people, production, and supplies.