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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

In some places on Earth, a rock layer (stratum) will contain fossils that, according to evolution, should be millions of years older than the fossils in the stratum beneath it.

Explain whether evolution or the biblical Flood account can better explain these situations.

The biblical Flood account can better explain these situations because fossils are sorted mostly by habitat and mobility, in the crust.

This corresponds with the biblical view of a rapid burial during the Flood of Noah, with adjacent strata being formed within weeks, or maybe days of each other. It is not shocking, during the Flood, that some fossils were out of order, because the waters were raging out of control.

According to evolution, fossils should be arranged in a simple-to-complex sequence.

The older fossils should be in lower strata and younger fossils in higher strata. This would mean each stratum that was formed over thousands or millions of years should never be an older stratum above a younger stratum.

What BEST explains why biblical ideas are foundational to modern science investigation?
the Bible proves an interpretive framework by which to view nature
What BEST explains why evolution is not true science?
evolution can be neither observed nor tested by experiment
What is NOT true about scientific experiments?
a single experiment is sufficient to verify a hypothesis
What BEST explains a problem with the horse series?
most of the "horse ancestors" in the fossil record are within the range of variation of modern horses
What BEST explains why the peppered moth does not demonstrate evolution?
only the population ratios shifted
What is NOT a reason that natural selection cannot produce new kinds?
natural selection causes variation within the gene pool
early human" that was actually an extinct pig
Nebraska man
group that includes the controversial "Java man" and "Peking man" and other fossils that are fully human
Homo erectus
human fossil characterized by heavy brows, sloping foreheads, powerful physiques, and larger brains than modern humans; named after the valley in which the first remains were found
Neanderthal Man
group of extinct apes that includes "Lucy" and "Tuang child"; name means "southern ape"
fossils of cave-dwelling people virtually indistinguishable from humans; named after the cave in which the first remains were found
Cro-Magnon man
"early human" that was actually a deliberate hoax
Piltdown man
extinct ape, now thought to be similar to modern orangutans, that was once considered a human ancestor"
small, chimpanzee-like creature regarded by evolutionists as an early human but by creationists as a mixture of human and ape fossils; name means "handy man"
Homo habilis
The quasi-religious idea that earth and all living things that inhabit in constitute a single living thing is the ____ hypothesis.
Changes within a particular kind of organism due to variations in the gene pool are called ____.
Reasoning from specific events in nature to their general causes is the _____ reasoning .
The evolutionary hypothesis that states that evolution occurs in sudden spurts followed by long periods without noticeable change
punctuated equilibrium
The idea that all living things are composed of cells and cell products and that all cells come from preexisting cells is the ____.
cell theory
Remains or impressions of plants, animals, or humans preserved in rock ____.
The belief that living things can arise from nonliving things is called ____.
spontaneous generation
Francesco Redi demonstrates that maggots do not arise from rotting meat by performing an experiment involving meat in three jars: two covered with different materials and one jar open to the air. in this experiment, the uncovered jar was the ____ group.
The principle that animals or plants well suited to their environment are more likely to survive than organisms poorly suited to their environment is called ____.
natural selection
Early Greek naturalist who advocated spontaneous generation as the origin of life
Greek philosopher who taught that intellect is the highest form of reality
Roman general who wrote a book called "Natural History"
Pliny the Elder
Anatomist who wrote a monumental book called "Fabrica"; considered the Father of Anatomy
Andreas Vesalius
Greek physician and anatomist who lived in Rome; was the absolute authority in human anatomy for over a thousand years
British physiologist noted for his studies of the heart and the circulation of the blood
Wiliam Harvey
Dutch naturalist who devoted his life to microscopy
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Similarities among organisms that are designed for the same environment but are different in internal structure demonstrate ____.
A tentative solution to a scientific problem is an ____.
The study of fossils is ____.


A theory that has stood the test of time and has been verified by experiment after experiment may eventually be referred to as a ____.
scientific law
The hypothetical simple-to-complex sequence of fossils based upon circular reasoning is the ____.
geologic column
The false hypothesis, proposed by Ernst Haeckel, that states that the development of an unborn child demonstrates a "replay" of evolution from simple invertebrates to man is ____.
The sudden appearance of living things of great variety in the fossil record, showing no evidence of evolution, is the ____.
Cambrian explosion
The idea that living things can come only from other living things is the _____.

Law of Biogenesis

Hypothetical fossils that would connect one kind of organism with another kind by a series of tiny steps would be _____.

transitional forms

The _____ is an unusual lobe-finned fish that was erroneously regarded as the ancestor of amphibians.


experiment in which all factors are identical except the one being tested
controlled experiment
special problem-solving method employed by scientists
the scientific method
French scientist who founded the science of comparative anatomy
Georges Cuvier
idea that science can provide answers for all problems in life
fossil bird with unusual feathers that is often incorrectly cited as a rising link between birds and reptiles
British naturalist who wrote "The Origin of Species" and "The Descent of Man"
Charles Darwin
18th-century British theologian who argued that living things show clear evidence of design
William Paley
a fossil used by evolutionists to identify the "age" of a rock layer containing it
index fossil
the "science" founded by some of Darwin's followers of selectively breeding humans to produce a "master race"
process of assigning "ages" to rocks and fossils based on the breakdown of certain elements into elements
radiometric dating