Neanderthals Essay

1252 Words 6 Pages
Why Neanderthals became extinct? The evolution of man, a three million journey from the branches of Africa to a civilization. The prehistoric times included drastic change, environment, planet, climate, tools, clothing and much more which helped shaped the civilization in the present. From the Hominid family tree it is a mystery when one of the members Neanderthals disappeared and left Homo sapiens to rule the world on their own. Homo Sapiens Neanderthalis or also known by the name Neanderthals. Neanderthals are the closest extinct human relative to a modern human living in the present day. They were shorter, stockier, with no chin or forehead but they were very strong. Their bodies helped them adapt to the life …show more content…
Their culture lacked progressive development for the future whereas modern humans were able to evolve. The culture of Neanderthals was static, there was no drastic changes made to their culture. Beliefs, values and tradition were the same as the ancestors left it. The Neanderthal community was smaller in comparison to a modern human community. They always remained with their own people in their small groups in isolated areas. According to Thomas Wynn, an anthropologist his research shows that Neanderthals were attached to their family, xenophobic and occupied a small territory that they rarely strayed. For this reason, Neanderthals would not have been able to expand globally or adapt to the complex cultures. Moreover, Homo Sapiens Sapiens was able to develop cognitive capabilities in Africa which made modern humans superior in comparison to Neanderthals. Due to their superiority Homo Sapiens were able to have more innovative and inventiveness ideas, complex symbolic and linguistic capabilities, efficient hunting strategies, wide range of resources and environmental flexibility. Though Neanderthals brain was larger than a average human they were not been able to speak or be very well eloquent. According to, Dr. Fredrick Coolidge, a psychologist’s examples of the life of a Neanderthal infant raise among modern humans and a human baby brought in an Neanderthal family. “The …show more content…
With Neanderthals and modern humans living and sharing the same world there will be competition for resources. During this time there were severe climate changes done as well. Research shows Neanderthals metabolic rate were higher than a modern human which meant that they would need much more food and nutrients for their survival. Due to the drastic climate change there would be a tough competition for resources between modern humans and Neanderthals. Likewise, Neanderthals could have not adjusted to the drastic climate changes that were happening. Modern humans were already flexible in with changes occurring in the environment and the climate which is why drastic climate changes did not do much harm to humans. Research studies shows Neanderthals were not adaptable or flexible to changes in the environment. “The fact that Neanderthals in Europe were nearly extinct, but then recovered, and that all this took place long before they came into contact with modern humans came as a complete surprise to us. This indicates that the Neanderthals may have been more sensitive to the dramatic climate changes that took place in the last Ice Age than was previously thought”, says Love Dalén, associate professor at the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm. According to, Francisco Jiménez-Espejo, a paleoclimatologist at the

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