The Museum of Fine Arts: Madonna and Child with Souls in Purgatory

1974 Words 8 Pages
The Museum of Fine Arts (MFAH) in Houston, Texas is a world-renowned institution on 10 acres of land in the Museum District of Houston. Located just minutes from Downtown Houston, it houses permanent collections, traveling exhibits, two art schools, and boasts a sculpture garden and lunch café. The art is housed in two buildings, museum quality on their own. The Caroline Weiss Law building was designed by famed architect, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The other, designed by award-winning architect Rafael Moneo, is the Audrey Jones Beck building. They are soon to be joined by a third building currently in the design phase which will house post-1900 art.
The exhibits and collections of MFAH are so extensive that it is really not possible
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This style originated in Rome and is associated with the Catholic Counter-Reformation, its salient characteristics--overt rhetoric and dynamic movement--being well suited to expressing the self-confidence and proselytizing spirit of the reinvigorated Catholic Church. It is by no means exclusively associated with religious art, however, and aspects of the Baroque can be seen even in works that have nothing to do with emotional display--for example in the dynamic lines of certain Dutch still-life paintings.1
Although the most notable painters of this era are Italian painters Annibale Carracci and Caravaggio, other Italian painters of note during this period include Artemisia Gentileschi (daughter of Orazio), Guido Reni, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Giovanni Battista Gaulli, and Fra Andrea Pozzo. The great Spanish painters Diego Velazquez, José de Ribera, and Francisco De Zurbaran were also from the Baroque period. James Voorhies, art historian of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, describes the characteristics of Baroque art as, “dramatic expression, emphatic naturalism, and intense chiaroscuro derived from the profound influence of Caravaggio (1571–1610).”2 The biggest patron of the arts, the Catholic Church, seated in Rome, encouraged the Baroque style of painting as a way to restore “Catholicism’s predominance and centrality” 3, as Kleiner mentions . Baroque art flourished in Rome and throughout all of Italy, where it spread from there across Europe,

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