Essay about The Making Of Valentine's Day

490 Words 2 Pages
Valentine’s Day, also known as St Valentine’s Day, is recognized in most Christian lead countries around the world. The word valentine comes from ancient roman days. ‘Valens’, in Latin, means worthy. The Latin meaning of valentine is; Valentinus and represents several martyred saints of the time. There are many different legends and versions of the origin of Valentine’s Day.

The most stated legend is that during 3rd Century Rome, Emperor Claudius II made it illegal for young men to marry. He felt young, single men were better soldiers. Valentine, a man of the cloth, thought that it was a great injustice and would secretly marry young couples. When he was discovered, he was condemned to death and therefore became known as a martyr (one
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Then there are some cultures that relate this day to romance based on mating habits of birds and other animals.

It was Pope Gelasius, in 496 who began the first celebration for the Saint Valentine, declaring it a holiday. He did this based on the Calendar of 354 written for and dedicated to a Roman man of wealth named, Valentius, that mentions the martyred Saints of Valentine. He established this day after the Roman lottery for pairing couples was declared illegal.

However, over the centuries the purpose and meaning of recognizing this day has changed and varied over decades and across societies. The applied versions become largely based on popular novels, articles and represented images of the times and places. Generally, idealizing the practice of romance and the emotion of love on this day came from 14th Century England. It was then associated with Courtly Love, a medieval European concept of expressing love & admiration between members of nobility. Over time this concept has become somewhat misconstrued, as this shared affection was kept secret. It was considered an erotic desire combined with a spiritual attainment that husbands and wives did not share.

The icon closely associated with Valentine’s Day is Cupid (a nude boy with wings holding a bow and arrow), in Latin it’s meaning is desire. Cupid is the god of erotic love and beauty in Roman Mythology.

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