The History of the Jury System Essay examples
Throughout history, citizens have been involved in settling disputes. Thus, modern juries are the hybrids of various systems. These include, the Egyptian, Greek, Romans, and European jury systems. In England, under King Alfred (871-901 A.D.) juries used to determine the questions put before them. However, this process changed later when evidence of witnesses began to appear before them. The modern jury system was established during this time. By the 12th century, citizens were brought to court to decide on matters they had witnessed. Subsequently, the use of juries increased, and defendants were offered the choice of trial by jury. Around 1350, when Edward III was King, the role of jurors began to change. Towards the end of the 15th century, juries were not treated as witnesses of the trial, but rather an entity that heard the testimony of witnesses. Thereafter, the concept of unanimity was adapted to convict a criminal trial.
During the 15th and 18th centuries, juries increased and evolved around the world. During this time, legal systems were developing in various parts of the world. The use of expert witnesses began just as an exemption from jury duty developed.