The History of the Jury System Essay examples

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The jury system is essentially a descendant of Great Britain, the Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians. Colonialism played a significant role in the development of the jury system globally. However, despite colonial influence, judicial systems across the world have taken their own way. As a result, the jury system has developed and changed to suit the needs and social conscience of different countries. Across the world, juries examine and decide the facts in a jury trial, the accuracy of the testimony, the guilt or innocence of criminal defendants, and liabilities in a civil litigation. Today, many countries such as Britain, United States, Brazil, Canada, Japan, Australia, France, German, India, and so on practice jury trials. These countries …show more content…
As a result, the jury does help society’s acceptance of judicial decisions. The purpose of this paper is to examine the scope and role of the democratic values of the jury system as an organ of justice, both in common and civil legal systems.
Throughout history, citizens have been involved in settling disputes. Thus, modern juries are the hybrids of various systems. These include, the Egyptian, Greek, Romans, and European jury systems. In England, under King Alfred (871-901 A.D.) juries used to determine the questions put before them. However, this process changed later when evidence of witnesses began to appear before them. The modern jury system was established during this time. By the 12th century, citizens were brought to court to decide on matters they had witnessed. Subsequently, the use of juries increased, and defendants were offered the choice of trial by jury. Around 1350, when Edward III was King, the role of jurors began to change. Towards the end of the 15th century, juries were not treated as witnesses of the trial, but rather an entity that heard the testimony of witnesses. Thereafter, the concept of unanimity was adapted to convict a criminal trial.
During the 15th and 18th centuries, juries increased and evolved around the world. During this time, legal systems were developing in various parts of the world. The use of expert witnesses began just as an exemption from jury duty developed.

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