The Fall of the United Soviet Socialist Republic and Russia's Move to a Constitutional Democracy

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The fall of the United Soviet Socialist Republic was one of the most ground shaking events of the twentieth century. Not only did the world’s largest nation by land mass disintegrate, but also the future viability of communist political thought and governmental structure. From the ashes of that failed utopian came a number of new constitutional democracies, where once voiceless citizens could be heard and ultimately elect the leaders which would steer these newly created governments into the twenty first century and beyond. The collapse of the USSR forced Russia to reinvent itself as a constitutional democracy accountable to those which it governed. On December, 12 1993 the Russian Federation Constitution became operative by a …show more content…
By making a comparison of the above Russian Presidential Powers to those found in the United States it becomes clear that Russia’s move towards creating a true constitutional democracy is far from over.

THE SEPARATION OF POWER IN RUSSIA UNTIL THE DISSOLUTION OF THE UNITED SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC The Russian Federation Constitution of 1993 explicitly states in Article 10 that there shall be a separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers under separate branches of government. In theory, such a provision would create a system of checks and balances between independent government branches. However, a closer look at the Russian Federation Constitution reveals that the Executive Branch is able to exercise both legislative and judicial power. Considering the history of Russian Governance it comes as no surprise that a large amount of power is concerted under the Russian Federation’s Constitution.
Historcally, the concept of separating power is a fairly new principle in Russian Governance. Until the 1980’s, Russian society had been accustomed to arbitrary centralized authority exercised accountable to established constitutional law. Tsars and Soviet Premiers alike enjoyed unchecked power which emanated from the rights of Tzar, or in the case of the USSR the state, rather than that of its people. The Russian people’s desire for a governmental system based on checks and balance of power led the need a new constitution. The Russian people

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