The Fall of the United Soviet Socialist Republic and Russia's Move to a Constitutional Democracy
THE SEPARATION OF POWER IN RUSSIA UNTIL THE DISSOLUTION OF THE UNITED SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC The Russian Federation Constitution of 1993 explicitly states in Article 10 that there shall be a separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers under separate branches of government. In theory, such a provision would create a system of checks and balances between independent government branches. However, a closer look at the Russian Federation Constitution reveals that the Executive Branch is able to exercise both legislative and judicial power. Considering the history of Russian Governance it comes as no surprise that a large amount of power is concerted under the Russian Federation’s Constitution.
Historcally, the concept of separating power is a fairly new principle in Russian Governance. Until the 1980’s, Russian society had been accustomed to arbitrary centralized authority exercised accountable to established constitutional law. Tsars and Soviet Premiers alike enjoyed unchecked power which emanated from the rights of Tzar, or in the case of the USSR the state, rather than that of its people. The Russian people’s desire for a governmental system based on checks and balance of power led the need a new constitution. The Russian people