Compare And Contrast Fukuyama And Huntington

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Fukuyama and Huntington both have different views on the global structure of the world. Specifically, after the cold war has ended and how to view the world afterwards. Fukuyama views the end of the cold was as the end of history with Liberal Democracy as the last form of government whereas Huntington views the end of the Cold war as the beginning of the war of culture especially with regards to a war of culture over religion and common identity. Therefore, Fukyuma’s work seems to conclude in an almost utopian view of society whereas Huntington describes a major crisis in world power that will not necessarily get better.

Fukuyama articulates how the ending of the cold war symbolizes the end of history. The end of history means the end of any new form of government structure as Liberal democracy is left as the one and only solution to that question. He explains how the main two competitors to Liberal democracy, Communism and Fascism, are both no longer available
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Firstly, he explains the different types of civilizations such as Western and Islamic civilizations. He explains that civilizations such as these two will clash because the difference between these civilizations is on a basic and fundamental level, the world is becoming smaller and exchanges between civilizations are expanding, economic and social change are separating people from local identities, civilization consciousness which is other civilizations desire to shape the world, cultural characteristics and distinctions are harder to change than political and economic ones, and economic regionalism is on the rise. Fukuyama believes the engagement with other civilizations will be beneficial and demonstrates the end of history as he explains it but Huntington explains how this engagement creates an environment in which their disparities become more transparent as they actively engage with other civilizations more and

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