the civil war Essays

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Weapons in the American Civil War

The American Civil War is known to be one of the bloodiest wars in history. Significant advances in weapon technology contributed to the unprecedented carnage. All types of weapons were being invented including side arms, shoulder arms, and artillery. Surveying the origins and design of only a portion demonstrates fire power had outstripped battlefield tactics by the mid-nineteenth century.
Side arms, most useful only at close range, underwent important changes during the Civil War era. A particular standout was the La Mat revolver invented by Dr. Jean Alexander Francois Le Mat, a French born New Orleans doctor. The La Mat revolver was one of the most famous pistols of the civil war#. What makes this
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Shoulder arms also improved during the war. The model 1861 Springfield musket was the most widely used shoulder arm and saw action in every major battle. The Springfield was made in the north and cost around $15 to $ 20. What made this model different from pre war models was its rifled bore, interchangeable parts, and percussion cap ignition system. These innovations helped turn this weapon into an accurate and dependable rifle. The Springfield weighed a little over nine pounds, was 58.5 inches long, came with a 21-inch long bayonet and fired a .58 caliber minie ball.
The second most popular gun during the war was the rifled muskets known as the Enfield#. The Enfield had a bore diameter of .577 inches and weighed 9 lbs 3 ounces with a bayonet. It was very accurate at 800 yards and could be somewhat accurate at 1,100 yards. The Enfield fired a bullet that looked like the minie ball. Both sides imported around 400,000 of these during the war.
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The Starr Company produced the Starr Carbine rifle. It was equipped with 21 inches, .54 caliber barrel and was the fourth most popular rifle used by the Union. The best feature of this weapon was its zero misfire rates and its high degree of accuracy.
Another rifle that helped the Union achieve victory was the Spencer rifle. It used an all metallic cartridge with a built in primer, which was a remarkable advancement#. The

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