The Venn diagram is comparing the similarities and differences of two theories Piaget’s and Vygotsky Theories on Cognitive development. Piaget’s difference to Vygotsky is children collaborating with peers of the classroom, having stages of development that impact child development over birth to adulthood and how inherited characteristics of being a confident or quiet child. Vygotsky Theory is about Zone of Proximal development, scaffolding of adults helping children in understanding and gaining knowledge and sociocultural development (Duchesne, McMaugh, Bochner & Krause (2013). Both theories have similarities of children having order in developing and how they act, think at certain ages of life. Social interactions through both see
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To be an effective teacher; teachers need to explore and gain insight into children’s cognitive development within Piaget’s and Vygotsky theories of perspectives of learning and teaching. Piaget’s theory is building blocks for children in the future. Piaget sees teaching and learning as an action sequence and building block to learn. Children have a “set of linked mental representation of the world” (McLeod, 2012) where children relate to a specific thought or image and convey it back to what there saw in that image or thought. Children always though need reinforcement from an adult to help with them connect the thought. Example is a child beginning to understanding what a cat is from a Show on T.V. The child then understands that cat has four legs, licks and friendly. For teaching and learning teachers can take this approach to children in relating back what there have learnt and adding on from that information, so the children continue to learn.
Piaget, furthermore, saw the benefits of seeing children that learn within doing and being actively involved with the environment and classroom help the children to process the learning (McLeod, 2012). Teachers that place collaborative learning in the classroom are creating a comfortable and fun learning