Optic Nerve Atrophy and Judo Athletes Essay

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Optic Nerve Atrophy and Judo Athletes For athletes with disabilities, there is an ever-increasing pool of sports available in which they can compete. From wheelchair basketball to murder ball, the options are expanding and many have already become Paralympic sports. One of the most fascinating Paralympic sports is judo, a martial art that derives its origins from Jujutsu (“What is Judo and Kodokan,” 2014). According to the article “What is Judo and Kodokan” (2014) Judo was created by Professor Jigoro Kano in an effort to emphasize, “the larger educational value of training in attack and defense so that it could be a path or way of life that all people could participate in and benefit from” (para. 1). A sport like judo requires excellent …show more content…
There are many different things that can lead to the onset of optic nerve atrophy, including a “tumor, trauma, decreased blood supply (ischemia) or oxygen supply (hypoxia), heredity, hydrocephalus, toxins, infection, and rare degenerative disorders” (“Optic nerve atrophy,” para. 3). As an athlete with optic nerve atrophy, Adam is most likely completely blind or has experienced a severe loss of vision. According to the United States Olympic Committee and the International Blind Sports Federation (IBSA), Adam is qualified to participate in Paralympic judo because he is an athlete that has experienced some form of vision loss. Additionally, with prior knowledge of the sport of judo, Adam will have little trouble learning the adapted sport, as it is very similar to the traditional version. The only effectual differences between traditional judo and Paralympic judo (sometimes called “blind judo”) have to do with the start of the match and the competition mat itself. According to N. Ohlenkamp (2014), “the most important rule modification involves the beginning of the match… the current rules call for the referee to clap once with arms outstretched in front. The competitors then advance toward each other until contact is made” (para. 5). At this point, each participant will grip each other until the referees signal the start of the match. This allows the athletes to get into position and know where their competitors are prior to the match. Another important modification

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