Mission Command Essay

1551 Words 7 Pages
During the course of the Soviet-Afghan war between 1979 and 1989, 1986 was the turning point for the Soviet Union. Soviet Union General Secretary Gorbachev was convinced that the Soviet effort at rebuilding Afghanistan was failing: the Afghanistan government, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA), made little progress in reaching out to the population, economic aid did not reach its destination, and the majority population supported Mujahideen (Matthews 2011). The Soviet Union felt the DRA should take a leading combat role against the Mujahideen (Graw and Jalali 2001). The DRA’s Ministry of Defense decided to destroy Zhawar, a logistic transfer base at Khost Province that was responsible for 60% of Mujahideen supply, and named …show more content…
ADRP 5-0 The Operations Process states understanding is “fundamental to the commander’s ability to establish a situation’s context. It is essential to effective decision making during planning and execution. Analysis of the operational and mission variables provides the information used to develop understanding and frame the problem” (Department of Army 2012b). LTG Nabi Azimi understood the operational environment and the problem. The Soviet Union and DRA alliance had different strategic goals compared to the Mujahideen. The Soviet and DRA forces aimed to hold strategic locations and the roads that connect them while having the field force remain mobile against Mujahideen’s guerrilla tactics (Ballance 1993). The Mujahideen’s efforts were in remote rural areas; they were unwilling to fight outside of their territory (Cordovez and Harrison 1995). LTG Nabi Azimi convinced that in order to reduce the Mujahideen’s activities in Afghanistan, the DRA must destroy Zhawar. LTG Nabi Azimi recognized the underpowered 25th Infantry Division at Khost province would need reinforcements. LTG Nabi Azimi and Major General V.G. Trofimenko, Soviet Military Advisor, planned the combined Zhawar operation: reinforce

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