Managing Organizational Change Essays

1838 Words 8 Pages
Throughout the history of organizational literature, many scholars have suggested that change initiatives need to originate at the leadership level in order to be successful (Bennis, 1999). However history has shown that the majority of change initiatives fail, especially when mandated by top management (King & Peterson, 2007). This paper will examine why this dichotomy exists, what the role of top management should be in a change program, and how top managers can utilize key leverage points to increase their chances of a successful change implementation.
The Evolution of Organizations and its Impact on Change
The invention of modern management by theorists, such as Frederick Taylor, was founded at a time when many manufacturing
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This belief does not support the notion that change must originate at the top. Instead, top management should help create an organizational culture where employees are empowered and inspired to initiate and sustain the changes necessary to make the organization successful.
Role of Top Management in a Change Program The role of top management in any change program is dynamic and complex. Each organization has unique characteristics that can make it difficult for even the most attuned managers to successfully implement a change initiative. However, research has shown that a number of factors can increase an organization’s chances of a successful change implementation.
A management team’s leadership approach is one major component that can affect the success of a change program. Top management should strive to serve as transformational leaders who inspire employees to “transcend their own self-interests for the good of the organization and are capable of having a profound and extraordinary effect on their followers,” (Robbins & Judge, 2010, p. 170). Scholars Shanker and Sayeed (2012) conducted a study that showed a positive relationship between transformational leadership and its impact on culture and change initiatives.
One way transformational leaders can inspire employees to act for the greater good of the organization is by collaborating with

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