Transformational Leadership: Kurt Lewin's Change Management Process

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Leadership style
There are two leadership theories for getting work done: Transactional leadership and transformational leadership. 6.1 Transformational Leadership
This leadership comes from the assessment from the leaders past performance. Transformational leaders are known for moving and changing things in the organisation by communicating to team members a vision of the future and it’s positively correlated with higher organisation performance. Transformation leadership mostly deal with the external environment. They must first earn the trust and respect from the followers in order to achieve goals (Lussier & Achua, 2013, p. 331) 6.2 Transactional Leadership
Transactional leadership seek to maintain stability within the organisation
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It consists with three steps. The three steps are (1) ‘‘unfreezing’’, decide the change, (2) ‘‘change’’, moving to a new or apply change, (3) ‘‘refreezing’’, adopt the new change (Lussier & Achua, 2013, p. 413).
Lewin (1947) argued, a successful change project involved three steps (see figure 7). Unfreezing phase instigated by the actions of a charismatic, strategic or transformational leader. Leaders need to understand and describe the threats and opportunities to the people in the organisation and followers have to convinced of the change need, when they are not convinced there is more likely to have resistance . Changing phase is the step where the actual change is take place. The main things need to look at in this stage are developing new attitudes, belief, values and behaviours based on new information. Lack of better designed plan of action at this stage can lead to failure. Change process must follow the previous steps to become routine and accepted in to the everyday work to reach the final step of refreezing the ne change. There are many strategies to adopt the new change including new rules and regulations, attitudes, and reward system to reinforce the new change. Furthermore, change management without people is not possible. Human being stand at its heart and also they are the greatest barrier to change. (Lussier & Achua, 2013, pp.

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