Essay on Innovative Milestone: The Douglas DC-3

1762 Words 8 Pages
Since 1903, when the Wright Brothers flew the first aircraft, aviation has constantly been advancing. It didn’t matter if it was for military, commercial or private purposes. Ever since airplanes have existed, the main goal has been to produce the fastest, most fuel efficient aircraft. Whether it’s changing the design or using different parts, airline manufacturers are constantly advancing their planes. But there were always certain planes that stood out among the others. One of these was the Douglas DC-3, which impacted aviation history in the 20th century by becoming one of the fastest, safest, fuel efficient and innovative planes of its time. In the beginning, there were only a few DC-3’s that were ordered but soon airlines bought …show more content…
Douglas gave them two versions of the plane. The first version of the plane was a fourteen berth sleeper, the DST. The second one was a daytime one, the DC-3. It was a huge success; it could fly from the east coast to the west coast nonstop in fifteen hours, a new record. The impact was fast and huge. This resulted in airlines like T.W.A, Pan-Am, United and many others, ordering the DC-3. Once the plane was put into an airlines fleet, they could see the rise in profits and customer satisfaction. One of the many aspects of the DC-3 that makes it innovative is its engines. There were several changes made to the engines to allow the DC-3 to set the record time of the nonstop flight from New York to Chicago. The DC-2 had one of the best engines but it still could use improvement. The plane had engine failures and still had to make stops to refuel on long U.S flights. They modified the engines from 855-hp to 1000-hp. This basically means that the engine is more powerful than before. They were close cowled and faired into the engines. Also, with more powerful engines, that meant the DC-3 only needed two engines. This took weight off the plane so they had to use less fuel. “When you got a DC-3, you could make less stops and it was more comfortable” (Wygle, 1). By using less fuel, it lowered their expenses, which increased profits, and more people came back because they enjoyed the

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