Impact of Child Maltreatment on Growth and Development Essay

2467 Words 10 Pages
For our evidence based practice project, we chose the topic of child maltreatment. We wondered if child maltreatment affects the growth and development of school-age children. “The broad term child maltreatment includes intentional physical abuse or neglect, emotional abuse and neglect, and sexual abuse of children, usually by adults” (Perry, Hockenberry, Lowdermilk & Wilson, 2010, p. 1066). Child Protective Services agencies in the United States estimated that there were 900,000 children who were victims of child maltreatment in 2005. Of these confirmed cases, 17% were victims of physical abuse, 9% were victims of sexual abuse, 63% were victims of neglect, and 7% were victims of emotional abuse. The 2006 estimates indicated that about …show more content…
They often misunderstand cause and effect, and they may think that accidents or misfortunes are a form of punishment. They don't understand the reasoning behind rules and certain expected behaviors. “Older school age children are able to judge an act by the intentions that prompted it rather than just its consequences” (Perry, Hockenberry, Lowdermilk & Wilson, 2010, p. 1081). They are able to also look at situations from another person’s point of view. Spiritual development at this age is learned from their parents but is also influenced by their cognitive level. School age children have a great desire to learn about their God, heaven and hell. They are also beginning to understand the natural versus supernatural (Perry, Hockenberry, Lowdermilk & Wilson, 2010, p. 1081). According to Piaget, the cognitive development of a school age child is the development of concrete operations. Cognitive development is when a child is able to use thought process to experience events and actions (Perry, Hockenberry, Lowdermilk & Wilson, 2010, p. 1079). Children are now beginning to see another person's point of view and can develop an understanding of relationships between things and ideas. They are beginning to use conceptual thinking in which their thoughts are based on reason and rationalization. They use their memories of past experiences to evaluate and interpret the present (Perry, Hockenberry, Lowdermilk & Wilson, 2010, p. 1080). School age children also learn the

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