During these years, global organic product sale are approximately 20 billion dollars a year and with a roughly 20% annually increase in North American and European markets (Raynolds 725). The organic food becomes popular and more and more people start to pay attention to organic products. The aim of this paper is to give customers some suggestions when they decide to purchase the organic food and to inform these customers some basic knowledge of organic food and the organic techniques. This paper tries to present some comparisons between controversial and organic food in terms of the farming, techniques, microbial aspects and so forth. In addition, it will also indicate public and industry opinion, common concerns and customers’ preference
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Until 1940s, the organic farming movement arose, which is in response to industrialization of agriculture: Green Revolution. It involved the development of high-yielding varieties of cereal grains, expansion of irrigation infrastructure, modernization of management techniques, distribution of hybridized seeds, synthetic fertilizers, and pesticides to farmers. Afterwards, till 1939, a person called Lord Northbourne firstly put the term “organic farming” in his book “look to the land” and in order to describe a holistic, ecologically balanced approach to farming, which in contrast to what he called chemical farming that relied on “imported fertility”.
Regulation and labeling
In the United States, the National Organic Program (NOP) is the federal regulatory framework governing organic food. It is also the name of the organization in the Department of Agriculture (USDA) responsible for administering and enforcing the regulatory framework. NOP regulations cover in detail all aspects of food production, processing, delivery and retail sale. Another department is The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) which is an agency within USDA, and has Programs in five commodity areas: cotton and tobacco; dairy; fruit and vegetable; livestock and seed; and poultry. These programs provide testing, standardization, grading and market news services for those commodities.
To be specific, The Organic Food Production Act of 1990 required that the USDA develop national