Hegemonic Masculinity Practices Essay

1445 Words 6 Pages
Hegemonic masculinity practices are not only dominate towards women - domination practices also involve ‘other’ masculinities. Hegemonic masculinity is thus “the hegemony over women and hegemony over subordinate masculinities”, according to Demetriou (2009,341).
Not all men and their practices, fall within the hegemonic masculine “category”. Connell and Messerschmidt (2005:846) observe that there are hierarchy within masculinity and describe this as a pattern of hegemony. Within this hierarchy, certain masculinities are socially more central and more associated with authority and power compared to others. They expand by stating that non-hegemonic masculinities, within the masculinities sphere – are subordinate to their hegemonic
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In regards with ethnic groups – oppression based on race comes into play. Connell and Messerschmidt (2005:848) observe that marginalized masculinities lack economic resources and institutional authority to change their situation and be incorporated into hegemony masculinity.
Complicit masculinities as a non-hegemonic group, does not act in the way prescribed by the hegemonic model (Demetriou, 2009). They are, however, still passively sustaining patriarchy. This relates to the cultural idea attached to masculine hegemony: civil society promotes patriarchy through examples of what “true masculinity” should be - as illustrated previously with the Brad Pitt example. These men are not in the “army of domination”, per se, but still benefit from patriarchy.
3.7. Femininity and gender hegemony
Connell state in Wedgwood (2008,335) that there is a need for a “more complex model of gender hierarchy emphasizing the agency of women”. Connell and Messerschmidt (2005,848) elaborate by stressing that the disregard of female practices in masculinity studies will result in a gender construction void. They argue that women are central to the construction of masculinity.
Schipper in her journal article (2007) “Recovering the feminine other: masculinity, femininity and gender hegemony” address this mentioned void by examining femininity’s

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