Dementia in Elder Adults Essay

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Dementia illness is the most feared and distressing disorder of later life. This essay will address the overview of dementia followed by the most common types of dementia. The essay will cover the nursing assessment and the interventions. One issue relating to activity of living will be indentified and it will also explore the care required in relation to this activity for an older patient / client suffering from dementia, as well as patient, carer advice.
Analysis of Dementia

The term dementia refers to a serious loss in memory and other intellectual abilities in a formerly unimpaired person, further than what might be expected from normal aging (Dhanani & Wilkins, 2008). The origin of the word dementia is
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93). In the early stages, the most commonly recognised symptom is inability to acquire new memories, such as difficulty in recalling recently observed facts. As the disease advances, symptoms include confusion, irritability and aggression, mood swings, language breakdown, long-term memory loss, and the general withdrawal of the sufferer as their senses decline. Gradually, bodily functions are lost, eventually leading to death (Corliss, Gilbert, & Growdon, 2009, p.6).
Frontotemporal dementia is a clinical syndrome caused by degeneration of the frontal lobe of the brain and may extend back to the temporal lobe. It is one of three syndromes caused by frontotemporal lobar degeneration, and the second most common dementia after Alzheimer's disease (Giannakopoulos, Hof, P., & Hof, P.R, 2009, P.140.). Miller (2009, p. 269), claims that “ Frontotemporal dementia affects people at the age between 52 and 56 years, but it has also been reported in people between the age of 21 and 85 years.” The symptoms include impaired judgement and problem solving skills, using words incorrectly, lack of insight, self- neglect (Miller, 2009, p. 269). Diagnosis is difficult, because the behavioural changes are similar to other disorders like depression, schizophrenia, and antisocial personality. There is no specific

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