Deforestation Essay

816 Words 4 Pages
Deforestation in China

Deforestation has been a big problem in China to this day. Throughout its long history, China has gone through several cycles, from mild recovery to severe deforestation. When the Communists took over China in 1949, they introduced many new policies and programs to bring about economic and political changes; however, shifts in policies have led to program shifts in every field of China’s economy, including deforestation. Deforestation exercises a significant influence on the ecosystem, stimulating natural disasters, introducing negative environmental and climatic changes, and threatening biodiversity. Floods are among the most common consequences of deforestation. During the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)
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There are approximately 104,500 animal species, 4,400 vertebrates found in China, which is 10 percent of the world’s total. There are also 30,000 species of plants, more than 100 species of rare animals are native to China, including the giant panda, the lesser panda, and the Yangtze crocodile. In Southwest China, 23 bird and 18 mammal species face extinction due to human encroachment and disappearing forests. Forests provide nurturing habitats to these species; they also play an important role in China’s economy.

China’s recent economic growth has raised expectations of the people and has affected their consumption patterns. China’s new prosperous citizens consume a greater share of resources now than ever. China’s enormous population has resulted in vast tracts of new forests being cut down, not only to make room for people, but also to accommodate pressure created by export-driven economic needs. Also due to the nationwide construction boom, the increasing demand for paper, the rapidly growing requirements of domestic and export packaging, and the increased daily energy consumption; forest areas, between 1979 and 1988 were reduced by 23 percent. It is estimated that China’s forested area decreases by 1.5 million hectares annually. China’s per capita land is 36 percent of…

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