The Permian Period

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climate does change, it is almost always in relation to the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

According to Howard Lee, a geologist who writes for a website called skeptical science, stated

that the earth 's climate has abruptly risen in the past, as it is doing today. He also says that these abrupt

rises in earths climate has always been destructive for life on earth, causing mass extinction. The

Permian period is an example of this. The Permian period is also known as the great dying because

90% of earths life was wiped out by a sudden release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. According

to Howard Lee, scientists have linked the sudden release of carbon dioxide to a massive volcanic

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NASA stated in an article “ We stand on the threshhold of a new geological era, one were the

climate is very different to the one our ancestors knew”. If humanity continues to burn fossil fuels as it

does now, the climate will not return to its former state for tens of thousands of years. However, there is

still time to prevent this. By using alternative fuels, such as solar energy, humanity can mitigate the

effects of climate change.

Solar energy is the cleanest and most abundant alternative fuel because it comes from the sun.

Unlike fossil fuels, it is renewable and does not emit carbon dioxide. According to the Solar Energy

Industries Association, the United States has an abundant supply of solar energy resources, such as

solar pannels, boilers, and furneses. Enough that it can supply the nations energy needs several times

over. The solar industry is currently working to scale up the production or solar technology and

decrease the manufacturing costs. Because the majority of carbon emission is due to fossil fuels, solar

energy has the potential to mitigate the effects of climate change.

Greening transportation is another way to fight climate change. Greening transportation
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The amount of carbon that a person emits is called a carbon foot print,

which is unique to each person. According to an article published by Car Talk, burning one gallon of

gas creates twenty pounds of carbon dioxide. If people use bicycles to make trips that are within biking

distance, they can significantly reduce the amount of carbon they emit.

Preventing deforestation is another way to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions. Deforestation is

the removal and clearing of large forest areas. As forests are cleared away, they are replaced with

human settlements, farm land, and roads. While these things are nessesary for civilization, it is also

important to preserve forest land because trees absord carbon dioxide and converts it into oxygen.

Furthermore, when trees are cut down and decay, they release the carbon dioxide already within them

into the atmosphere. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, 3.0 billion tons of carbon dioxide

emissions are due to deforestation. The UCS also stated that 3.0 billion tons of carbon dioxide is

equivalent to the emmittion that would be produced by 500 million cars, which is twice the number of

cars in the United

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