Corruption in Eritrean Government Essay

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In this paper I will discuss the recent history of Eritrea, its high-level of corruption and its material support to terrorist groups and goals of destabilizing both the Ethiopian government and the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia (TFG). Eritrea is a country that has, in the past and recent times, struggled economically, militarily, and also with maintaining good relations with its neighbors. The majority of its current issues can be traced back to 1993 when the country declared its formal independence from Ethiopia. This instability has caused conflict with the United States and allegations by both the United Nations and several Western Nations including the United States that Eritrea openly harbors and supports terrorist …show more content…
In 1885 the Italians, along with much of Western Europe was seeking to colonize the countries of Africa, mainly to gain access to its resources. In 1896, Italy attempted to take Ethiopia as a colony, launching the offensive from Eritrea. This resulted in a disastrous loss by the Italians. In 1935, at the behest of Benito Mussolini, the Italians again launched an offensive from both Eritrea and Italian Somaliland which resulted in the annexation of Ethiopia which brought it into the fold of Italian East Africa. After the Italians surrendered in WWII, the administration of Eritrea was placed under the command of the British. In 1952, a UN resolution was adopted that brought Eritrea under Ethiopian control as a contiguous, but separate state. The Eritreans, under the resolution were to have a number of democratic rights, and autonomy. These guarantees were largely ignored by the Ethiopian Emperor Haile Sellassie. In 1962, the Emperor dissolved the Eritrean parliament which sparked a war for independence from Eritrea (Background Note: Eritrea, 2010). Throughout the 1960’s and 1970’s the Eritreans formed the group Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) and the ELF breakaway group the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) which became the dominant armed group in Eritrea. Throughout the 1970’s and 1980’s the Eritreans the war with the Ethiopians who were aided by Soviet weapons and supplies. Shortly before the fall of the Soviet Union, Ethiopia was informed that they would no

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