Essay on Contraception Options for Women in Afghanistan

1773 Words 8 Pages
Contraception Options for Women

Introduction and Background:
Infant mortality is the fourth and sixth leading cause of death in Afghanistan (HEALTH PROFILE : AFGHANISTAN).According to The World Fact Book, 119.41 infants died per 1,000 live births, which is the highest infant mortality rate in the world. Infants die due to low birth weights, labor complications, and lack of family planning. On average a woman dies every 30 minutes in Afghanistan from a perinatal event; therefore, the infant mortality rate will remain at a high level (Johnson, 2011). Family planning provides safe alternatives to the risk of infant and maternal mortality; also, it is a low cost economical way to reduce maternal and fetal deaths in countries that lack
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Infant mortality in Afghanistan can be addressed through the implementation of family planning resources. The maternal mortality rate in Afghanistan is 1,600 women die during child birth per 100,000 live births, this is the second highest maternal mortality rate in the world (Afghanistan: High birth rate killing mothers, infants-UNFPA expert, 2008). Family planning services will provide Afghan women with birth spacing options and alternatives to having children prior to being ready.
Program Objective:
The program objective is to decrease the infant mortality rate in Afghanistan through providing women contraception options and education. Contraception Options for Women (COW), employees will reach out to mullahs (Religious Leaders), and provide them with contraception education/resources to share with women in the community.
Methods:
Afghanistan’s capital city Kabul is home to approximately 3.097 million residents (The World Fact book, 2013). Kabul is made up of 15 districts with the capital city being Provincial Central Kabul. (Kabul- A Socio-Economic and Demographic Profile , 2004)
The programs sample population will be around 200,000 women between the ages of 15-24 that live in Central Kabul. One million women live in Central Kabul and 22 percent are between the ages of 15-24(Kabul). The average

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